Activated carbon from cassava peel: A promising electrode material for supercapacitors
Keywords:Supercapacitors, energy storage, biomass energy, cassava peels
Supercapacitors are conventional devices in electrical circuits that produce electrical pulses at high power levels in short periods. Electrodes for supercapacitors were prepared with activated carbon. Activated carbon was obtained from cassava peels treated by chemical activation with potassium hydroxide (KOH) and phosphoric acid (H3PO4), each at two different concentrations and at one carbonization temperature. The electrochemical performance of the prepared electrodes was obtained by means of cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge-discharge in a 3-electrode system with an electrolytic solution of sulfuric acid (H2SO4) 1 M. Cyclic voltammetry allowed identifying the behavior of supercapacitors in a potential window of -0.4V to 0.6V. Activated carbon derived from cassava peel with the highest specific surface area (398.46 m2 /g) has exhibited the maximum specific capacitance of 64.18 F/g.
A. Burke, “Ultracapacitors: Why, how, and where is the technology,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 91, no. 1, November 2000. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-7753(00)00485-7
T. Chen and L. Dai, “Carbon nanomaterials for high-performance supercapacitors,” Materials Today, vol. 16, no. 7-8, July 2013. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mattod.2013.07.002
O. Ioannidou and A. Zabaniotou, “Agricultural residues as precursors for activated carbon production — A review,” Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 11, no. 9, December 2007. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2006.03.013
T. E. Rufford, D. Hulicova, Z. Zhu, and G. Qing, “Nanoporous carbon electrode from waste coffee beans for high performance supercapacitors,” Electrochemistry Communications, vol. 10, no. 10, October 2008. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.elecom.2008.08.022
I. I. Gurten, S. M.vHolmes, A. Banford, and Z. Aktas, “The performance of supercapacitor electrodes developed from chemically activated carbon produced from waste tea,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 357, December 01 2015. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.09.067
Z. Qiu and et al., “Biochar-based carbons with hierarchical micro-meso-macro porosity for high rate and long cycle life supercapacitors,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 376, February 01 2018. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.11.077
X. Tian and et al., “Flute type micropores activated carbon from cotton stalk for high performance supercapacitors,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 359, August 15 2017. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.05.054
W. Sun, S. M. Lipka, C. Swartz, D. Williams, and F. Yang, “Hemp-derived activated carbons for supercapacitors,” Carbon, vol. 103, July 2016. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2016.02.090
A. Jain and S. K. Tripathi, “Fabrication and characterization of energy storing supercapacitor devices using coconut shell based activated charcoal electrode,” Materials Science and Engineering B, vol. 183, April 2014. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mseb.2013.12.004
B. C. Smith, Infrared spectral interpretation: A systematic approach. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press, 1998.
M. Molina, F. RodRíguez, F. Caturla, and M. J. Sellés, “Porosity in granular carbons activated with phosphoric acid,” Carbon, vol. 33, no. 8, 1995. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-6223(95)00059-M
B. S. Girgis, S. S. Yunis, and A. M. Soliman, “Characteristics of activated carbon from peanut hulls in relation to conditions of preparation,” Materials Letter, vol. 57, no. 1, November 2002. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-577X(02)00724-3
M. Jagtoyen and F. Derbyshire, “Activated carbons from yellow poplar and white oak by H3PO4 activation,” Carbon, vol. 36, no. 7-8, 1998. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-6223(98)00082-7
Y. Sudaryanto, S. B. Hartono, W. Irawaty, H.Hindarso, and S. Ismadji, “High surface area activated carbon prepared from cassava peel by chemical activation,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 97, no. 5, March 2006. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2005.04.029
S. Li and et al., “An all-in-one material with excellent electrical double-layer capacitance and pseudocapacitance performances for supercapacitor,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 453, September 30 2018. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2018.05.088
A. Evan, S. Wang, F. Edi, and S. Ismadji, “Preparation of capacitor’s electrode from cassava peel waste,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 101, no. 10, May 2010. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2009.12.123
L. Wei and G. Yushin, “Nanostructured activated carbons from natural precursors for electrical double layer capacitors,” Nano Energy, vol. 1, no. 4, July 2012. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2012.05.002
M. Dhelipan, A. Arunchander, A. K. Sahu, and D. Kalpana, “Activated carbon from orange peels as supercapacitor electrode and catalyst support for oxygen reduction reaction in proton exchange membrane fuel cell,” Journal of Saudi Chemical Society, vol. 21, no. 4, May 2017. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jscs.2016.12.003
How to Cite
Revista Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Antioquia is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution BY-NC-SA 4.0 license. The material published in the journal can be distributed, copied and exhibited by third parties if the respective credits are given to the journal. No commercial benefit can be obtained and derivative works must be under the same license terms as the original work.