Strategic planning of freight transportation to support smart cities design: The Brazilian soybean case

Keywords: Smart cities, freight transportation, logistic integration center, strategic planning, optimization

Abstract

Freight transportation can impact the effectiveness of smart city development if it is not well planned. Commodities with international flows such as soy can cause traffic in urban areas where ports are installed, negatively influencing economic (e.g. delays and fines), social (e.g. population quality of life) and environmental (e.g. intensification of pollutant and greenhouse gases emissions) dimensions. Thus, this paper aims to apply a location-allocation mathematical model to determine the ideal location of logistics integration centers - LICs dedicated to soybean transportation. We believe that, by properly locating structures that allow intermodality, the use of road transport would decrease by replacing it with intermodal alternatives with less environmental impact, reducing road congestion in urban centers under port influence. In addition, the total costs of the network would be optimized, promoting positive economic impacts on the soybean logistics chains. Therefore, eight scenarios were established varying the model's input parameters (such as investment and minimum volume of soybean moved through a LIC). The model was implemented in the Mosel language using the Xpress IVE solver version 1.24.24. The costs of each scenario were investigated, and the benefits related to the currently configuration (with no LIC) were pointed out. In the end, it was observed that the applied model might support government strategic planning (including, here, the design of smart cities).

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Author Biographies

Vanessa de Almeida Guimarães, Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica Celso Suckow da Fonseca

Bachelor's degree in Business Administration from Fluminense Federal University, Brazil (2011); Specialization in Public Administration from Fluminense Federal University, Brazil (2014); Master’s Degree in Transportation Engineering from Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2015); Master’s Degree in Business Administration from Fluminense Federal University, Brazil (2016); and PhD Degree in Transportation Engineering from Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2019). Currently, she is Professor at Federal Center for Technological Education of Rio de Janeiro (CEFET/RJ), Brazil. Her main research activities are devoted to transportation, performance assessment, sustainability and business administration. She has publications in important Journals such as Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, Journal of Cleaner Production and Sustainability.

Gustav Carl Skroder, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Gustav has a bachelors degree in civil engineering from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. During his time in university he participated in a reasearch group about BIM, which led to an exchange program in the University of Technology from Compiegne, France, where he would live for one year and conduct his studies. Having a large interest in Logistics, he decided to use his knowledge in programming to solve an optimization problem which would find the less costly location of Logistics Ingegrated Centers regarding the transportation of soybeans in Brazil as his final project and is now working as an analyst in Accenture’s Digital Transformation.

Glaydston Mattos Ribeiro, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Glaydston Mattos Ribeiro was born in Espírito Santo, Brazil, in 1976. He obtained a Bachelor's degree in Civil Engineering from Federal University of Espírito Santo, Brazil (2000); a Master’s Degree in Transportation Engineering from Engineering Military Institute, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2001); and a PhD Degree in Applied Computing from National Institute for Space Research, São José dos Campos, Brazil (2007). He was a Postdoctoral Researcher at HEC Montréal/CIRRELT, Montréal, Canada (2010-2011), under supervision of Dr. Gilbert Laporte. He is Professor at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. His main research activities are devoted to transportation and combinatorial optimization. He has publications in important Journals such as Waste Management, European Journal of Operational Research, Computers & Operations Research, Journal of the Operational Research Society, Computers & Geosciences, and Computers & Industrial Engineering.

Pedro Henrique González-Silva, Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica Celso Suckow da Fonseca

Degree in Mathematics from the Rio de Janeiro State University (2009). Master in Computational Sciences from the Rio de Janeiro State University (2012). PhD in Computer Science from the Fluminense Federal University (2015) and in Informatique from the Université d'Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse in a joint-supervision scheme (2015). Conducted a postdoctoral research at Rio de Janeiro Federal University focusing on Combinatorial Optimization. Currently working as EBTT Professor at Federal Center for Technological Education of Rio de Janeiro (CEFET/RJ).

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Published
2020-06-01