Genetic effects of season on the preweaning growth of beef cattle: a first approach to Retinta calves

  • Rosa M. Morales University of Córdoba
  • Alberto Menéndez-Buxadera University of Córdoba
  • Sebastián Demyda-Peyrás National University of La Plata
  • Antonio Molina University of Córdoba
Keywords: beef cattle, genotype-environment interaction, genetic effects, global warming, heat stress, preweaning growth, random regression, reaction-norm, Retinta breed, THI

Abstract

Background: Heat stress derived from global warming is causing major economic losses in the livestock industry. Objective: To develop a novel methodological approach for determining the influence of climatic factors on the estimation of genetic parameters for growth traits in Retinta cattle breed by using reaction-norm models. Methods: Live weight records (n=7,753) from 3,162 Retinta calves born from 1,249 dams and 85 sires and raised in the Andalusian region (Spain) were analyzed. The effect of heat stress was measured using the temperature-humidity index, calculated with climatological data obtained from four weather stations. A bivariate-random-regression reaction-norm model was used to estimate the (co)variance components of weight until weaning in two different climatic seasons corresponding to warm and cold months. Results: The heritability pattern of individuals reared under diverse environments during the first 90 days of age was different. However, differences were not significant at the end of the growing period. Weaned calves reared during the cold season showed greater growth from 70 to 160 days in comparison with those reared during the warm season. Conclusions: Highly significant evidence of genotype-climatic condition interaction was found during the calf´s first three months of growth.

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Author Biographies

Rosa M. Morales, University of Córdoba

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2113-0608
Department of Genetics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Córdoba, Spain.

Alberto Menéndez-Buxadera, University of Córdoba

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0408-4200
Department of Genetics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Córdoba, Spain.

Sebastián Demyda-Peyrás, National University of La Plata

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3286-2441
Institute of Veterinary Genetics “Ing. Fernando N. Dulout”- IGEVET, National University of La Plata, National Council for Scientific and Technical Research (UNLP-CONICET), Faculty of Veterinary Sciences - UNLP, La Plata, Argentina.

 

Antonio Molina, University of Córdoba

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9566-6600
Department of Genetics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Córdoba, Spain.

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Published
2019-09-16
How to Cite
Morales R. M., Menéndez-Buxadera A., Demyda-Peyrás S., & Molina A. (2019). Genetic effects of season on the preweaning growth of beef cattle: a first approach to Retinta calves. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 33(2), 134-143. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v33n2a01
Section
Short communications