Effect of carbohydrate source on productive performance, ruminal and systemic health of grazing cows

  • Luis M. Gómez-Osorio SOLLA S.A., University of Antioquia
  • Sandra L. Posada-Ochoa University of Antioquia
  • Ricardo Rosero-Noguera University of Antioquia
  • Martha E. Olivera-Angel University of Antioquia
Keywords: cassava, cereal grains, citrus pulp, dairy cattle, energy source, feed efficiency, lameness, non-fibrous carbohydrates, ruminal acidosis, starch

Abstract

Background: The nutritional limitations of Cenchrus clandestinus –i.e., high protein and low energy concentrations- make it necessary to supplement cows with non-fibrous carbohydrate (NFC) sources to improve productive performance. Nevertheless, such supplementation can lead to ruminal acidosis. Objective: To evaluate partial replacement of corn grain (Zea mays, ZM) with sorghum grain (Sorghum vulgare, SV), cassava root (Manihot esculenta, MES) or citrus pulp (Citrus sp., C) on milk yield and quality, ruminal pH and health of grazing cows. Methods: Eight Holstein cows were evaluated in a 4 x 4 Latin square design during the first 60 days of lactation. Treatments (isoenergetic rations, 1.45 ± 0.003 Mcal NEL/kg DM) consisted of a mixture of grass and four concentrates with different NFC sources. Results: No differences in dry matter intake, feed efficiency, ruminal pH, hematological and metabolic profile were observed between treatments. Rumen pH was higher than 6.0, confirming the absence of ruminal acidosis. Milk yield (energy-corrected), protein, and total solids were higher for MES vs. C. Conclusions: None of the NFC sources tested compromised the ruminal or systemic health of the cows, while MES improved milk yield and quality.

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Author Biographies

Luis M. Gómez-Osorio, SOLLA S.A., University of Antioquia

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2262-8571
Nutri-Solla Research and Development Group, SOLLA S.A., Medellín, Colombia. Research Group in Agrarian Sciences (GRICA), Faculty of Agrarian Sciences, University of Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia. Biogenesis Research Group, Faculty of Agrarian Sciences, University of Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Sandra L. Posada-Ochoa, University of Antioquia

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4615-0552
Research Group in Agrarian Sciences (GRICA), Faculty of Agrarian Sciences, University of Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Ricardo Rosero-Noguera, University of Antioquia

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3238-8842
Research Group in Agrarian Sciences (GRICA), Faculty of Agrarian Sciences, University of Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Martha E. Olivera-Angel, University of Antioquia

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7853-4406
Biogenesis Research Group, Faculty of Agrarian Sciences, University of Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

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Published
2020-04-17
How to Cite
Gómez-Osorio L. M., Posada-Ochoa S. L., Rosero-Noguera R., & Olivera-Angel M. E. (2020). Effect of carbohydrate source on productive performance, ruminal and systemic health of grazing cows. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 33(4), 204-216. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v33n4a01
Section
Original research articles