Interactive web-based tool for evaluating the spread of bovine tuberculosis and brucellosis in Colombia

  • Nelson E. Arenas University of Cundinamarca, Antonio Nariño University
  • Edier F. Ávila University of Cundinamarca
  • Edwin D. Correa University of Cundinamarca
  • Wendy N. Rueda Antonio Nariño University
  • Gina M. López National University of Colombia
  • Carlos Y. Soto National University of Colombia
Keywords: bovine, brucellosis, BTB, disease surveillance, epidemiology, information technology, public health, tuberculosis, zoonosis

Abstract

Background: Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) and brucellosis are associated with devastating losses in the livestock sector in Colombia and even in developed countries. Real-time disease surveillance is a key strategy to control and eradicate infectious disease outbreaks. Objective: To design an epidemiological tool for monitoring BTB and brucellosis in Colombia. Methods: An interactive platform for disease mapping of BTB and brucellosis during an observation period between years 2004 and 2019 was designed. Results: Our analysis showed that the provinces of Cundinamarca and Valle del Cauca are regions affected by BTB and brucellosis epidemics, respectively (p<0.001). Furthermore, increased case detection of BTB was reported in 2012 and brucellosis in 2019 (p<0.001). Conclusions: This epidemiological platform allows tracking BTB and tuberculosis hotspots, identifying trends over time, and provides useful information to animal health authorities for designing new strategies in control programs.

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Author Biographies

Nelson E. Arenas, University of Cundinamarca, Antonio Nariño University

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7665-8955
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Cundinamarca, Fusagasugá, Cundinamarca, Colombia. Faculty of Sciences, Antonio Nariño University, Circunvalar Campus, Bogotá, Colombia.

Edier F. Ávila, University of Cundinamarca

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8997-9125
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Cundinamarca, Fusagasugá, Cundinamarca, Colombia.

Edwin D. Correa, University of Cundinamarca

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9246-6008
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Cundinamarca, Fusagasugá, Cundinamarca, Colombia.

Wendy N. Rueda, Antonio Nariño University

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4233-1476
Faculty of Sciences, Antonio Nariño University, Circunvalar Campus, Bogotá, Colombia.

Gina M. López, National University of Colombia

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2871-8271
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, National University of Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia.

Carlos Y. Soto, National University of Colombia

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8694-7489
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, National University of Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia.

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Published
2020-10-13
How to Cite
Arenas N. E., Ávila E. F., Correa E. D., Rueda W. N., López G. M., & Soto C. Y. (2020). Interactive web-based tool for evaluating the spread of bovine tuberculosis and brucellosis in Colombia. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 34(3), 224-230. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v34n3a04
Section
Short communications