Presence of Helicobacter spp. in dental tartar and gastric mucosa, and its relationship with EGUS in horses from a public slaughterhouse

Authors

  • Angélica M. Zuluaga-Cabrera University of Antioquia
  • Camilo Jaramillo-Morales Lasallian University Corporation
  • José R. Martínez-Aranzales University of Antioquia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v35n1a06

Keywords:

equines, gastritis, Helicobacter spp, horse, mucosa, PCR, post-mortem, stomach, tartar, ulcer

Abstract


Background: Despite the fact that Helicobacter spp. has been detected in equine gastric mucosa, no evidence exists about this infection in Colombian horses affected by equine ulcerative gastric syndrome (EGUS), nor in dental tartar. Objective: To detect Helicobacter spp. DNA in equine gastric mucosa and dental tartar and determine the relationship between the presence of Helicobacter spp. and gastric lesions. Methods: Samples of glandular gastric mucosa and dental tartar were collected from 30 equine slaughterhouses. Macroscopic lesions of the stomachs were classified and the total DNA in all samples was extracted using a commercial extraction kit. A final-point PCR was performed using primers for amplification of a segment of 251 bp of the gene encoding the 16s rRNA region; the amplified fragments were subjected to a second PCR to determine the presence of H. pylori, the VacA gene was typified. The resulting amplicons were sequenced. Results: It was possible to amplify 16s rRNA in several samples but there was no amplification of VacA. Fragments of the sequences were compatible with H. heilmannii. The 23.3 and 10% of gastric and tartar samples were positive for 16s rRNA of Helicobacter spp., respectively. Conclusion: Although genetic material of Helicobacter spp. was found in some animals, there was no relationship with gastric lesions. It is possible that helicobacteriosis has no bearing in EGUS etiology.

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Author Biographies

Angélica M. Zuluaga-Cabrera, University of Antioquia

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5527-3995
Centauro Research Group, Equine Medicine and Surgery Research Line (LIMCE), School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Antioquia, Medellín, Antioquia (Colombia).

Camilo Jaramillo-Morales, Lasallian University Corporation

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6227-8572
Veterinary Medicine Program, Faculty of Administrative and Agricultural Sciences, Lasallian University Corporation, Caldas, Antioquia (Colombia). Current address: Veterinary Medicine Teaching Hospital, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, USA.

José R. Martínez-Aranzales, University of Antioquia

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2428-1372
Centauro Research Group, Equine Medicine and Surgery Research Line (LIMCE), School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Antioquia, Medellín, Antioquia (Colombia).

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Published

2022-04-05

How to Cite

Zuluaga-Cabrera, A. M., Jaramillo-Morales, C., & Martínez-Aranzales, J. R. (2022). Presence of Helicobacter spp. in dental tartar and gastric mucosa, and its relationship with EGUS in horses from a public slaughterhouse. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 35(2), 109–117. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v35n1a06

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