Sugarcane bagasse or elephant grass hay in diets for goats: Performance, feeding behavior and carcass characteristics

Authors

  • Victor H. Campelo-Lima Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte
  • Stela Antas-Urbano Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte
  • Marcelo Andrade-Ferreira Federal Rural University of Pernambuco
  • Pedro H. Cavalcante-Ribeiro Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte
  • José I. Gomes-Bezerra Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte
  • Juana C. Cariri-Chagas Federal Rural University of Pernambuco
  • Emerson Moreira-Aguiar Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte
  • Adriano H. Nascimento-Rangel Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v35n1a05

Keywords:

carcass yield, caprine, castration, elephant grass hay, feedlot, fiber source, goat meat, roughage, small ruminants, sugarcane bagasse

Abstract

Background: Novel feeding strategies should be developed to produce high-quality meat in current goat production systems. Objective: To evaluate the effects of castration and the association of spineless cactus with sugarcane bagasse or elephant grass hay on nutrient intake, digestibility, performance, feeding behavior and carcass traits of feedlot kids. Methods: A total of 24 male kids (12 castrated and 12 intact), with an average initial weight of 18.5 ± 3.8 kg were allotted to a completely randomized 2 x 2 factorial design (sugar cane bagasse or elephant grass hay; intact or castrated), and confined for 70 days. Results: Nutrient intake and animal performance were similar between treatments. Sugarcane bagasse increased, when compared to elephant grass hay, the digestibility of dry matter (66.12 vs 62.88; p=0.005), crude protein (74.26 vs 70.95; p=0.029) and non-fibrous carbohydrates (91.94 vs 83.07; p<0.001). The forage source affected the time spent resting, ruminating and total chewing time, but there was no effect of diet on feeding and rumination efficiencies. Elephant grass hay increased, when compared to sugarcane bagasse, hot carcass weight (9.87 vs 10.79; p=0.025) and hot carcass yield (43.81 vs 46.87; p=0.013). Intact kids produced heavier hot carcasses when compared with castrated kids (10.80 vs 9.86; p=0.014). Conclusion: Feeding intact or castrated kids with sugar cane bagasse or elephant grass hay do not affect nutrient intake and performance. Feedlot goats have improved carcass traits if kept intact and fed elephant grass hay.

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Author Biographies

Victor H. Campelo-Lima, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9139-0344
Academic Unit Specialized in Agricultural Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Macaíba, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

Stela Antas-Urbano, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0033-3601
Academic Unit Specialized in Agricultural Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Macaíba, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

Marcelo Andrade-Ferreira, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4452-6162
Department of Animal Nutrition, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

Pedro H. Cavalcante-Ribeiro, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9268-0693
Academic Unit Specialized in Agricultural Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Macaíba, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

José I. Gomes-Bezerra, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1493-0263
Academic Unit Specialized in Agricultural Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Macaíba, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

Juana C. Cariri-Chagas, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6982-425X
Department of Animal Nutrition, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

Emerson Moreira-Aguiar, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7088-5479
Academic Unit Specialized in Agricultural Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Macaíba, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

Adriano H. Nascimento-Rangel, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2835-4156
Academic Unit Specialized in Agricultural Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Macaíba, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

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Published

2021-12-20

How to Cite

Campelo-Lima, V. H., Antas-Urbano, S., Andrade-Ferreira, M., Cavalcante-Ribeiro, P. H., Gomes-Bezerra, J. I., Cariri-Chagas, J. C., Moreira-Aguiar, E., & Nascimento-Rangel, A. H. (2021). Sugarcane bagasse or elephant grass hay in diets for goats: Performance, feeding behavior and carcass characteristics. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 35(1), 49–59. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v35n1a05

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