Effects of virginiamycin and galbanum (Ferula gummosa boiss) on performance, carcass traits, immune system and blood parameters of broiler chickens


  • Amin Sarchahi Semnan University
  • Khosro Ghazvinian Semnan University
  • Khatereh Kafshdoozan Semnan University
  • Reza Jamshidi Semnan University




Antibiotic, broiler chicken, carcass, galbanum, growth performance, immune response, medicinal plants, virginiamycin


Background: Some medicinal plants can stimulate growth in poultry. Objective: To compare the effects of dietary addition of virginiamycin antibiotic and galbanum plant (Ferula gummosa) on the performance, carcass characteristics, immune system, and blood factors of broiler chickens. Methods: A total of 250 one-day-old male Ross 308 broiler chickens were randomly assigned to five treatments with five replicates (10 birds per replicate). The treatments were: control (basal diet), virginiamycin (basal diet plus 0.1 g virginiamycin/kg of diet) or one of three levels of galbanum powder (2.5, 5, and 10 g galbanum/kg of diet). Results: Body weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion ratio improved in the groups containing galbanum compared to the other groups (p<0.05). The percentage of liver, heart and abdominal fat decreased in the treatments containing 5 and 10 g galbanum compared to the control (p<0.05). Spleen weight and antibody titers against Newcastle disease and SRBC were significantly increased in the treatment containing 10 g of galbanum compared to the other treatments (p<0.05). The addition of galbanum powder resulted in a significant decrease in serum cholesterol, triacylglycerol, and LDL (p<0.05). Additionally, galbanum increased serum total protein, albumin, globulin, and HDL (p<0.05). Conclusion: Galbanum improves performance and the immune system of broiler chickens, and has similar growth promoting effects as virginiamycin.

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Author Biographies

Amin Sarchahi, Semnan University

Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran

Khosro Ghazvinian, Semnan University

Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran

Khatereh Kafshdoozan, Semnan University

Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran

Reza Jamshidi, Semnan University

Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran


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How to Cite

Sarchahi, A., Ghazvinian, K., Kafshdoozan, K., & Jamshidi, R. (2022). Effects of virginiamycin and galbanum (Ferula gummosa boiss) on performance, carcass traits, immune system and blood parameters of broiler chickens. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 35(4), 191–204. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v35n3a03



Original research articles