Dairy goats fed sunflower hay intercropped with chickpea in small-scale systems. Part I: Animal performance

Authors

  • Aurora Sainz-Ramírez Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México
  • Julieta-Gertrudis Estrada-Flores Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México
  • José Velarde-Guillén Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México
  • Felipe López-González Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México
  • Carlos-Manuel Arriaga-Jordán Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v36n1a01

Keywords:

alternative forages, caprine, chemical composition, chickpea, feed, goats, hay, legumes, Mexico, milk, sunflower

Abstract

Background: Small-scale livestock systems provide quality food for a growing demand of animal protein worldwide. Although these systems help to improve rural living standards and reduce the environmental footprint new feeding strategies should be tested to improve animal productivity. Sunflower -which is native to México- and chickpea -also common in the study area- may be used as feed alternatives for dairy goats. Objective: To evaluate the effect of substituting corn straw with sunflower-chickpea hay on yield and nutrient composition of goat milk. Methods: In this participatory study, a total of 28 multiparous Saanen dairy goats were randomly assigned to two treatments (14 goats each) during a 30-day experiment in a small farm. Two weeks prior to the experiment all goats received an adaptation diet. One treatment (MZST) received a conventional diet of lucerne hay (200 g/goat/day) and concentrate (400 g/goat/day), plus 600 g/goat/day (50% of the ration) of corn straw. The second treatment (SFCPT) contained the same lucerne and concentrate content with 600 g/goat/day of sunflower-chickpea hay. Milk yield and composition, and live weight and body condition of the goats were recorded for each treatment. Results: SFCPT significantly increased milk yield, protein, and solids content, but no difference was observed in milk fat. Conclusion: Dietary supplementation of goats with sunflower and chickpea hay increases milk production, protein, and total solids content compared with corn hay.

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Author Biographies

Aurora Sainz-Ramírez, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México

Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias y Rurales (ICAR), Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Campus UAEM El Cerrillo
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8566-8653

Julieta-Gertrudis Estrada-Flores, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México

Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias y Rurales (ICAR), Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Campus UAEM El Cerrillo
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3376-5128

José Velarde-Guillén, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México

Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias y Rurales (ICAR), Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Campus UAEM El Cerrillo
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0801-5226

Felipe López-González, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México

Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias y Rurales (ICAR), Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Campus UAEM El Cerrillo
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7769-3755

Carlos-Manuel Arriaga-Jordán, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México

Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias y Rurales (ICAR), Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Campus UAEM El Cerrillo
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6140-0847

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Published

2022-08-30

How to Cite

Sainz-Ramírez, A., Estrada-Flores, J.-G., Velarde-Guillén, J., López-González, F., & Arriaga-Jordán, C.-M. (2022). Dairy goats fed sunflower hay intercropped with chickpea in small-scale systems. Part I: Animal performance. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 36(1), 33–43. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v36n1a01

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