Propuesta de un protocolo de prevención de lesiones deportivas en futbolistas profesionales basado en una revisión sistemática de la literatura

  • José Iván Alfonso Mantilla Universidad del Rosario
Palabras clave: rehabilitación, entrenamiento, lesiones, medicina deportiva, prevención, futbol

Resumen

La prevención de lesiones es un pilar de intervención de profesionales como preparadores físicos, licenciados en educación física y fisioterapeutas, en equipos profesionales de fútbol. Con ella se busca reducir la incidencia de lesiones deportivas a través del incremento de componentes neuromusculares y motores implicados en el rendimiento deportivo. Objetivo: formular una propuesta de protocolo de prevención de lesiones por habilidad en jugadores de fútbol profesional, a partir de una revisión sistemática de literatura. Método: la revisión se realizó en bases de datos científicas indexadas, con los términos MeSH: rehabilitation, training, injuries, sports medicine, prevention, soccer. Resultados: se evidenció que la prevención de lesiones implica habilidades específicas como carrera, fuerza, flexibilidad, balance, propiocepción, velocidad, agilidad, salto y po-tencia, que garantizan la reducción de riesgo de lesiones musculares, ligamentosas y articulares. Conclusión: el trabajo conjunto entre preparación física y fisioterapia, da como resultado la creación de protocolos de prevención de lesiones que garantizan el adecuado rendimiento y estado deportivo de futbolistas profesionales, que llevarán a incrementar las posibilidades de la obtención de títulos deportivos a nivel nacional e internacional.

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Biografía del autor/a

José Iván Alfonso Mantilla, Universidad del Rosario

Fisioterapeuta Universidad del Rosario. Fisioterapeuta equipos profesionales de futbol colombiano.

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Publicado
2019-02-14
Cómo citar
Alfonso Mantilla J. I. (2019). Propuesta de un protocolo de prevención de lesiones deportivas en futbolistas profesionales basado en una revisión sistemática de la literatura. VIREF Revista De Educación Física, 7(4), 18-36. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/viref/article/view/336838
Sección
Artículo de revisión