Cumplimiento de las Recomendaciones de Movimiento de 24 horas y Salud en estudiantes universitarios durante el confinamiento por COVID-19

Autores/as

  • Sandra Fonseca Universidad de Tras-os-Montes y Alto Douro https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9468-7269
  • Eduarda Coelho Universidad de Trás-os-Montes y Alto Douro
  • Maria Isabel Mourão-Carvalhal Universidad de Trás-os-Montes y Alto Douro, Portugal

Palabras clave:

Recomendaciones de movimiento de 24h, Actividad física, Calidad del sueño, Tiempo de pantalla, Salud auto percibida, Covid-19, Pandemia, Confinamiento

Resumen


Objetivos: i) examinar la proporción de estudiantes universitarios que cumple las recomendaciones canadienses de movimiento de 24 horas (Sueño + Pantalla + Actividad Física) durante el encierro por COVID-19; ii) determinar las variables de salud física y mental asociadas a su cumplimiento. Método: se seleccionó una muestra a conveniencia de 98 estudiantes universitarios (64 chicos y 34 chicas), con edad entre 18 y 25 años, que frecuentan la graduación en Ciencias del Deporte en la Universidad de Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro, en Portugal. La actividad física auto informada se midió mediante el Cuestionario Internacional de Actividad Física (IPAQ); el tiempo frente a la pantalla se evaluó mediante dos preguntas en las que los participantes respondieron el total de horas y minutos, por día de la semana o fin de semana, que pasan viendo videos y jugando videojuegos, así como la duración y calidad del sueño durante los días de semana o del fin de semana. Resultados: el 30,6% de los estudiantes cumple con las recomendaciones de sueño, actividad física y comportamiento sedentario. La regresión logística multivariante demuestra que las variables asociadas al incumplimiento de alguna de las recomendaciones son: situación profesional del padre, desempleado o en layoff (OR = 10,412, IC 95%: 1,256-86,325), percepción de salud como mala y media (OR = 24.213, IC 95%: 1.323-443.074) y la variable sueño, más específicamente, quién nunca duerme bien y quién duerme bien algunas veces (OR = 8.896, IC 95%: 1.807-43.788). Conclusión: los estudiantes que no cumplieron con las recomendaciones, presentan un mayor riesgo de tener un sueño de menor calidad y de auto percibirse con menos salud.

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Biografía del autor/a

Sandra Fonseca, Universidad de Tras-os-Montes y Alto Douro

Universidad Tras-os-Montes y Alto Douro, Portugal. Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Deporte, Ciencias de la Salud y Desarrollo Humano (CIDESD).

Eduarda Coelho, Universidad de Trás-os-Montes y Alto Douro

Universidad de Tras-os-Montes y Alto Douro, Portugal. Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Deporte, Ciencias de la Salud y Desarrollo Humano (CIDESD).

Maria Isabel Mourão-Carvalhal, Universidad de Trás-os-Montes y Alto Douro, Portugal

Universidad de Tras-os-Montes y Alto Douro, Portugal. Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Deporte, Ciencias de la Salud y Desarrollo Humano (CIDESD).

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2021-10-26 — Actualizado el 2021-10-27

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Fonseca, S., Coelho, E., & Mourão-Carvalhal, M. I. (2021). Cumplimiento de las Recomendaciones de Movimiento de 24 horas y Salud en estudiantes universitarios durante el confinamiento por COVID-19. VIREF Revista De Educación Física, 11(1), 1–12. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/viref/article/view/347083 (Original work published 26 de octubre de 2021)

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