Plato: Philosophy and Irrationality
Keywords:Plato, irrationality, Eros, madness, beauty, poetry, enthusiasm
Ion provides an explanation of poetic inspiration granting it characteristics belonging to that which is irrational. However, through the reflection proposed in Symposium, poetry itself starts becoming a means by which a philosopher may reach knowledge of abstract truths. Then, a link is established between inspiration and concept, evidencing a clear compatibility between men's desire to talk to the gods, and the need of a conceptually consistent discourse. But philosophy is assimilated, even more, at the highest level of madness, thus adopting a particular charisma that Plato had formerly attributed to poetry and to the poet with explicit necessity to discredit them. Madness opens in Phaedrus some important perspectives with which we close the chart we have drawn up in our discussion. The Symposium and Phaedrus present as the fundament of ascension to eternal essences Eros, a madness crossed by passion, which has an unquestionable divine nature, and not simply the intellectual curiosity. Platonic discourse leads us in such a way towards a complete philosophical domination, in which nonetheless, poetry and philosophy constitute an indissoluble unit.
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