Risk factors for cardiovascular disease in professors from a public university

  • Osvaldo Costa Moreira Physical Educator, Master. Professor, Universidade Federal de Viçosa -UFV-, Florestal/MG - Brazil, e-mail: osvaldo.moreira@ufv.br.
  • Renata Aparecida Rodrigues de Oliveira 2Physical Educator, Master's student. UFV, Viçosa/MG - Brazil. e-mail: renata.oliveira@ufv.br.
  • Cláudia Eliza Patrocínio Oliveira Physical Educator, Master. Professor, UFV, Viçosa/MG - Brazil. e-mail: cpatrocinio@ufv.br.
  • Leonice Aparecida Doimo Physical Educator, Ph.D. Professor, UFV, Viçosa/MG - Brazil. e-mail: ladoimo@ufv.br.
  • Paulo Roberto dos Santos Amorim Physical Educator, Ph.D. Professor, UFV, Viçosa/MG - Brazil. e-mail: pramorim@ufv.br.
  • Mateus Camaroti Laterza Physical Educator, Ph.D. Professor, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora/MG - Brazil. e-mail: mateus.laterza@ufjf.edu.br.
  • Walace David Monteiro 7Physical Educator, Ph.D. Professor, Professor, Universidade Estadual do rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro/MG - Brazil. e-mail: wdm@uerj.br.
  • João Carlos Bouzas Marins Physical Educator, Ph.D. Professor, UFV, Viçosa/MG - Brazil. e-mail: jcbouzas@ufv.br.
Keywords: Faculty, chronic disease, body weights and measures, risk factors.

Abstract

Objective. To determine the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among professors of a public university. Method. This cross-sectional study included 145 professors from the Federal University of Viçosa (UFV), MG, Brazil, in 2010. Analyzed variables included age, weight, height, waist, hip and abdominal circumferences, in addition to total cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, and resting systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Results. A total of 71% were men, the average age of the men was higher than that of the women (46.9 versus 43.2 years old); half of the participants were overweight (46.9% were overweight and 9.0% were obese). Other factors were: 17.2% presented a waist-hip ratio at risk; 46.9% had greater than normal abdominal circumference; 4.0% presented high total cholesterol, 20.2% high triglycerides, 4.8% of the individuals presented abnormal glucose metabolism; and 16.6% were hypertensive. In comparison with men, women presented lower systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, body mass index, and abdominal, hip and waist circumferences. There was a trend of increased waist/hip and abdominal circumferences, total cholesterol, triglycerides, and systolic blood pressure as individuals aged. Conclusion. The college professors addressed in this study present important risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Hence, prevention and control measures need to be implemented in order to reduce the problem, a process in which nursing professionals play a key role in the achievement of success.
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Published
2014-07-10
How to Cite
Costa Moreira, O., Rodrigues de Oliveira, R. A., Patrocínio Oliveira, C. E., Doimo, L. A., dos Santos Amorim, P. R., Camaroti Laterza, M., Monteiro, W. D., & Bouzas Marins, J. C. (2014). Risk factors for cardiovascular disease in professors from a public university. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 32(2). Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/iee/article/view/19967
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS