Metabolic syndrome prevalence in elderly of urban and rural communities participants in the HIPERDIA in the city of Coimbra/MG, Brazil

  • Josiane Aparecida Teixeira de Paula Physical educator. Faculdade Ubaense Governador Ozanam Coelho –FAGOC-, Ubá/MG, Brazil. email: josi_atp@yahoo.com.br.
  • Osvaldo Costa Moreira Physical educator, MCs. Professor, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Florestal/MG, Brazil, email: osvaldo.moreira@ufv.br.
  • Cristiano Diniz da Silva Physical educator, Ph.D. Candidate. Professor, FAGOC-, Ubá/MG, Brazil. email: cristianodiniz.silva@gmail.com.
  • Diogo Santos Silva Physical educator, Bachareal. Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Ubá/MG – Brazil. email: diogoefi@gmail.com.
  • Paulo Roberto dos Santos Amorim Physical educator, Ph.D. Professor, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa/MG – Brazil. email: pramorin@ufv.br.
Keywords: Metabolic syndrome X, cross-sectional studies, rural health, urban health, aged, life style.

Abstract

Objective. To identify the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS), and the influence of gender and place of residence for elders served by the Family Health Strategy in the municipality of Coimbra (Minas Gerais state, Brazil).

Methodology. The sample consisted of 435 individuals of both sexes, with mean of age 72 ± 8 years.

Results. Women had higher prevalence rates of MS (urban= 40%, rural= 37%) with differences (p<0.05, φ= 0.168 and 0.284) for men (urban= 13%, rural= 22%). Odds Ratio for SM was significant in age groups over 65 years in urban areas, with women having higher chances compared with men (OR=3.07 times), becoming 5.8 times aged 75 to 79 years. Women are more exposed to obesity (urban= 80.4 %, rural= 78.6%) than men, regardless of place of residence (p<0.05, φ=0.46 and 0.47 respectively), and the urban women are still exposed to hypertension (65%, p= 0.022, φ= 0.12).

Conclusion. The prevalence of MS and exposure to risk factors such as obesity and hypertension was higher in women, mainly in urban areas. Health professionals, like nurses, should note that the elderly population in urban areas have greater exposure to risk factors for MS, which should strengthen educational programs that promote healthy lifestyles.

 

How to cite this article: Paula JAT, Moreira OC, Silva CD, Silva DS, Amorim PRS. Metabolic syndrome prevalence in elderly of urban and rural communities participants in the HIPERDIA in the city of Coimbra/MG, Brazil.Invest Educ Enferm. 2015; 33(2):

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Published
2015-06-04
How to Cite
Teixeira de Paula, J. A., Costa Moreira, O., Diniz da Silva, C., Santos Silva, D., & dos Santos Amorim, P. R. (2015). Metabolic syndrome prevalence in elderly of urban and rural communities participants in the HIPERDIA in the city of Coimbra/MG, Brazil. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 33(2). Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/iee/article/view/23013
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS