ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO USE BY UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF MEDELLÍN, 2007

  • María de los Ángeles Rodríguez Gázquez Enfermera, PhD. en Salud Pública. Profesora de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. Correo electrónico: mariangelesrodriguezg@hotmail.com
  • Matilde Álvarez Gómez Enfermera, Especialista en Fármacodependencia. Profesora de la Facultad de Enfermería de la Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana.Correo electrónico: matilde.alvarez@upb.edu.co
  • Lina María Martínez Sánchez Bacterióloga y Laboratorista Clínica. Magíster en Hematologí a y Manejo del Banco de Sangre. Profesora de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. Correo electrónico: lina.martinez@upb.edu.co .
  • Diana Carrillo Trujillo Estudiante de Medicina de la Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana . Correoelectrónico: dianacarrillo60@hotmail.com
  • Sergio Andrés Mejía Espinosa Estudiante de Medicina de la Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. Correo electrónico: checho2343@hotmail.com
  • Ana María Valencia Ruiz Estudiante de Medicina de la Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. Correo electrónico: anita_paisita @yahoo.com
  • María Alejandra Escobar Espinosa Estudiante de Enfermería de la Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. Correo electrónico: alejita0411@hotmail.com
  • María Fernanda Marín González Estudiante de Enfermería de la Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. Correo electronico: alejita0411@hotmail.com
Keywords: alcoholic beverages, smoking, prevalence.

Abstract

Objective:  to identify the demographic, as well as the tobacco and alcohol use characteristics of undergraduate students from a Medellín, Colombia, well-known university during the first 2007 academic period.

Methodology: a transversal descriptive study was carried of a representative population of 1.406 undergraduate students from the said educative institution. The study instrument was an auto-applied questionnaire.

Results: during the study period 1.406 students were interviewed, with an average age of 20,8 years. Other general characteristics of the population were: 51,2% of the interviewed people was female and the predominant marital status was single (97,6%). Annual prevalence of 94,0% and 42,4% for alcohol and tobacco use were found, respectively. Alcoholism risk, according to the CAGE test, was 8%, while nicotine dependence risk was 6% according to the Fagerström test. Males and the 16-24 ages group have the highest substance use prevalence and the highest alcoholismand/or nicotine dependence risk.

Conclusion: alcohol and tobacco use in this studied university is a problem deserving attention from health care offices.

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Published
2009-05-04
How to Cite
Rodríguez Gázquez, M. de los Ángeles, Álvarez Gómez, M., Martínez Sánchez, L. M., Carrillo Trujillo, D., Mejía Espinosa, S. A., Valencia Ruiz, A. M., Escobar Espinosa, M. A., & Marín González, M. F. (2009). ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO USE BY UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF MEDELLÍN, 2007. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 27(1). Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/iee/article/view/2829
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS