Depressive symptoms in patients with coronary artery disease

  • Débora Maria Mendonça da Cunha Nursing Student. Universidade Federal do Sergipe -UFS-, Brazil. email: debora_mendonca_12@hotmail.com
  • Thaynara Silva dos Anjos Nursing Student. UFS, Brazil. email: thaynaranjos@hotmail.com
  • Cristiane Franca Lisboa Gois RN, PhD. Professor, UFS, Brazil. email: cristianeflg@hotmail.com
  • Maria Cláudia Tavares de Mattos RN, PhD. Professor, UFS, Brazil. email: mctm@ufs.br
  • Luísa Vale Carvalho Nursing Student. UFS, Brazil. email: luisa.valec@gmail.com
  • Jones de Carvalho Nursing Student. UFS, Brazil. email: jonescarvalho.enf@gmail.com
  • Flávio Aragão Silva Medical Student. UFS, Brazil. email: flavinho_aragao@hotmail.com
  • Débora Almeida Silveira Sobral Nursing Student. UFS, Brazil. email: deb_sobral@yahoo.com.br
  • Kamila de Mendonça Fialho Psychologist. Charitable Foundation Surgery Hospital, Segirpe, Brazil. email: kamilafialho@hotmail.com
  • Eliana Ofélia Llapa Rodriguez Nurse, Ph.D. Professor, UFS, Brazil. email: elianaofelia@gmail.com
Keywords: Depression, coronary artery disease, nursing, psychiatric status rating scales, prevalence.

Abstract

Objective.To assess the presence of depressive symptoms in patients with coronary artery disease in the preoperative period for coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) in Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.

Methods. A cross-sectional study with 63 hospitalized patients prior to CABG. Two instruments were used for data collection; one for the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, and the other to evaluate the presence of depressive symptoms, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).

Results. The mean age was 58 years; most were male (60.3%); with a partner (81%) low educational level (71.4% attended school through elementary school). Among the patients, 36.5% were classified with dysphoria, and 25.4% had some degree of depression (6.3% mild, 17.5% moderate, and 1.6% severe). The group of patients with lower educational level presented higher depressive symptoms.

Conclusion. Six of every ten patients with coronary artery disease showed dysphoria or some degree of depression. The results of this study can support the planning of nursing care for patients before and after CABG, as well as the development of public health policies to ensure complete, quality care for these patients, understanding depression as a variable that can interfere with recovery after cardiac surgery.

 

How to cite this article: Cunha DMM, Anjos TS, Gois CFL, Mattos MCT, Carvalho LV, Carvalho J, et al. Depressive symptoms in patients with coronary artery disease. Invest. Educ. Enferm. 2016; 34(2):

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Published
2016-06-23
How to Cite
Mendonça da Cunha, D. M., Silva dos Anjos, T., Lisboa Gois, C. F., Tavares de Mattos, M. C., Vale Carvalho, L., de Carvalho, J., Aragão Silva, F., Silveira Sobral, D. A., de Mendonça Fialho, K., & Llapa Rodriguez, E. O. (2016). Depressive symptoms in patients with coronary artery disease. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 34(2). Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/iee/article/view/323266
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS