Gender Differences in Body Mass Index, Body Weight Perception, weight satisfaction, disordered eating and Weight control strategies among Indian Medical and Nursing Undergraduates

Authors

  • Poreddi Vijayalakshmi RN, RM, BSN, MSN. College of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, (Institute of National Importance), Bangalore (India). email: pvijayalakshmireddy@gmail.com
  • Rohini Thimmaiah MD. Toowoomba Base Hospital, Toowoomba, Queensland (Australia). email: drrohinimd@gmail.com
  • S. Sai Nikhil Reddy Second year MBBS. Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore (India). email: saithereddy@gmail. com
  • Kathyayani B.V RN, Ph.D. Professor, College of Nursing. National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, (Institute of National Importance), Bangalore (India). email: bv.kathyayani@rediffmail.com
  • Sailaxmi Gandhi Ph.D. Additional Professor, Department of Nursing National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, (Institute of National Importance), Bangalore (India). email: sailaxmi63@yahoo.com
  • Suresh BadaMath MD, Psychiatry. Professor, Department of Psychiatry National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, (Institute of National Importance), Bangalore (India). email: nimhans@gmail.com

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.iee.v35n3a04

Keywords:

Body mass index, weight perception, cross-sectional studies, students, nursing, medical, feeding and eating disorders.

Abstract


Objective. To assess gender disparity in body weight perception, Body Mass Index (BMI),  eight satisfaction and role of depression among undergraduate Medical and Nursing  students.

Methods. A descriptive cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in conveniently selected medical (n=241) and nursing (n=213) students of Bangalore, South India. Data was collected using self-administered SCOFF questionnaires.

Results. Our findings revealed that men had a significantly higher BMI than women (t=5.403, p<0.001). More number of women compared to men, perceived themselves as ver  weight (74.8%) and not satisfied with their weight status (81.6%). More men than women  cored positively for disordered eating behaviors on SCOFF (45.4% vs. 31.1%) and EAT scale (16.5% vs. 8.7%). While, 48.2% of the women practice binge eating, 41.2% of the men practice it (p<0.004); more men (47.4%) than women (25.4%) exercised for more than sixty minutes (p<0.001) to control their weight.

Conclusion.Findings indicate small differences between the genders that have to be taken in  consideration in planning interventional programs to prevent eating disorders in this  copulation. Descriptors: body mass index; weight perception; cross-sectional studies;  students, nursing; students, medical; feeding and eating disorders.

 

How  to cite this article: Vijayalakshmi  P, Thimmaiah R, Reddy SSN, Kathyayani BV, Gandhi S, Math SB. Gender Differences in Body Mass Index, Body Weight Perception, weight satisfaction, disordered eating and Weight control strategies among Indian Medical and Nursing Undergraduates. Invest. Educ. Enferm. 2017; 35(3):276-284.

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Published

2017-10-12

How to Cite

Vijayalakshmi, P., Thimmaiah, R., Nikhil Reddy, S. S., B.V, K., Gandhi, S., & BadaMath, S. (2017). Gender Differences in Body Mass Index, Body Weight Perception, weight satisfaction, disordered eating and Weight control strategies among Indian Medical and Nursing Undergraduates. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 35(3). https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.iee.v35n3a04

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Section

ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS

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