Knowledge and perceptions of indian primary care nurses towards mental illness

  • Sailaxmi Gandhi RN, RM, BSN, MSN, Ph.D, Additional Profesor & Head, Department of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences (Indian Institute of National Importance) India. email: sailaxmi63@yahoo.com
  • Vijayalakshmi Poreddi RN, RM, BSN, MSN. PhD Scholar, Department of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences (Indian Institute of National Importance) India. email: pvijayalakshmireddy@gmail.com. Corresponding author
  • G Jothimani RN, RM, BSN, MSN. PhD Scholar, Department of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences (Indian Institute of National Importance), India. email: jothisrinivas.jothi@gmail.com
  • Shamala Anjanappa RN, RM, BSN, MSN. PhD Scholar, Department of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences (Indian Institute of National Importance), India. email: kushraghusham@gmail.com
  • Maya Sahu RN, RM, BSN, MSN. Ph.D Scholar, Department of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences (Indian Institute of National Importance), India. email: mayamonsahu@gmail.com
  • Padmavathi Narayanasamy RN, RM, BSN, MSN. Ph.D Scholar, Department of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences (Indian Institute of National Importance), India. email: padmavathinarayanasamy@gmail.com
  • N Manjunath MBBS,DPM, MD. Associate professor, Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences (Indian Institute of National Importance) India. email: manjunatha.adc@gmail.com
  • C Naveenkumar MBBS, MD. Additional professor, Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences (Indian Institute of National Importance), India. email: cnkumar1974@gmail.com
  • Suresh Badamath MD, DNB, PGDMLE, PGDHRL, PhD in Law (NLSIU), MBBS, DPM, MD. Pofessor,Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences (Indian Institute of National Importance) India. email: nimhans@gmail.com
  • Radhakrishnan Govindan RN, RM, BSN, MSN. PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences (Indian Institute of National Importance) India. email: dr.rk76@hotmail.com
Keywords: Mentally ill persons, stereotyping, beneficence, optimism, pessimism, attitude, primary care nursing, cross-sectional studies, self-report.

Abstract

Objective. To assess nurses’ knowledge and perceptions towards mental illness.

Methods. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted among 126 randomly selected nurses those are working under District Mental Health program in Karnataka (India). The data was collected through self-reported questionnaires Using the modified version of Public perception of mental illness questionnaire and Attitude Scale for Mental Illness.

Results. The findings revealed that majority of the subjects were women (74.4%), Hindus (92.1%) and were from rural background (69.8%). The mean Knowledge score 10.8±1.6 adequate knowledge (maximum possible =12) among 91% of the subjects, and 52% of them hold negative attitudes towards people with mental illness (88.9±13.6). While majority of the subjects hold negative attitudes in ‘Separatism’ (53.5%), ‘Stereotyping’ (73%), ‘Benevolence’ (54%), ‘Pessimistic prediction’ (53%) domains, they hold positive attitudes in ‘Restrictiveness’ (88%) and ‘Stigmatization’ (72%) domains. Women than men endorsed positive attitudes towards persons with mental illness in Stereotyping’ (p<0.001), ‘Restrictiveness’ (p<0.01), ‘Benevolence’ (p<0.001) and ‘Pessimistic prediction’ (t= 2.22, p<0.05) domains. Similarly, Auxiliary Nursing Midwifery found to be less restrictive (p<0.05), more benevolent (p<0.001) and less pessimistic (p<0.05) compared to nurses with higher education (General Nursing and Midwifery and Bachelor of Science in Nursing).

Conclusion. The present study showed adequate knowledge on mental illness among nurses. Yet they hold stigmatizing and negative attitudes towards mental illness. Hence, it is an urgent priority to develop and implement educational programs to inculcate positive attitudes towards people with mental illness to provide optimal care to this vulnerable population.

 

How to cite this article: Gandhi S, Poreddi V, Govindan R, Jothimani G, Anjanappa S, Sahu M, et al. Knowledge and perceptions of Indian primary care nurses towards mental illness. Invest. Educ. Enferm. 2019; 37(1):e06.

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Published
2019-03-06
How to Cite
Gandhi, S., Poreddi, V., Jothimani, G., Anjanappa, S., Sahu, M., Narayanasamy, P., Manjunath, N., Naveenkumar, C., Badamath, S., & Govindan, R. (2019). Knowledge and perceptions of indian primary care nurses towards mental illness. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 37(1). https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.iee.v37n1a06
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS