Social media use and health promoting lifestyle: an exploration among Indian nursing students

  • Maya Sahu RN, RM, BSN, MSN. Ph.D Scholar. Department of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences (NIMHANS) (Institute of National Importance), India. Email:
  • Sailaxmi Gandhi RN, RM, BSN, MSN, Ph.D. Additional Professor & Head, Department of Nursing, NIMHANS. Email: Corresponding author
  • Manoj Kumar Sharma M. Phil (Medical & Social Psychology), Ph.D. Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, NIMHANS. Email:
  • P. Marimuthu B.Sc, M.Sc, Ph.D. Department of Biostatistics, NIMHANS. Email:
Keywords: social media, health promotion, healthy lifestyle, students, nursing, cross-sectional studies


Objective. To evaluate the use of social media and
the health promoting lifestyle profile of indian nursing

Methods. A cross-sectional study was carried
out with 125 students (89 undergraduate and 36
graduate) from various Nursing universities in India, who
provided information on their sociodemographic data,
the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS) and
the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP-II).

Regarding the BSMAS, the participants had an average
of 12.8 (maximum possible = 30); 42% reported they
frequently delayed their sleep due to using social media;
9% had excessive use of social media; by gender, men had
higher total score than women. With respect to the health
promoting lifestyle profile, the total average was 126.9
(maximum possible = 208); no difference was observed
by gender in the total score and men scored better in the domain of physical activity; students living with their families had higher scores in
the domain of health responsibility than those living alone; and graduate students
had better scores than undergraduate students in the scale total and in the domains
of health responsibility, spiritual relations, and interpersonal relations.

There is excessive use of social media, especially among male students. This study
also revealed lower scores than those desired in the domains of Health Promoting
Lifestyle, especially for physical activity, health responsibility, stress management,
and nutrition. Thereby, the findings may be used to improve health literacy on social
media, as well as promote a positive lifestyle among nursing students.

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How to Cite
Sahu, M., Gandhi, S., Kumar Sharma, M., & Marimuthu , P. (2020). Social media use and health promoting lifestyle: an exploration among Indian nursing students. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 38(2).