Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness among HIV-Positive People from Buenos Aires, Argentina

Authors

  • Carlos Jesús Canova Barrios Universidad de Ciencias Empresariales y Sociales

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.iee.v40n1e11

Keywords:

psychosocial support systems, HIV infections, HIV-1, treatment adherence and compliance, social adjustment

Abstract

Objective. To analyze the process of psychosocial adjustment to illness in a sample of people living with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus from Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Methods. Cross-sectional analytical study. The sample consisted of 144 HIV-positive people chosen by simple random sampling. The PAIS-SR questionnaire was used to measure the Psychosocial Adjustment process, which is made up of 46 items organized into 7 domains, whose final score ranges between 0 and 100, interpreted so that the higher the score, the worse the psychosocial adjustment process.

Results. The respondents reported were mostly male (82.63%), single (61.80%), with university studies (50.00%), without children (74.30%), and with a steady job (88.19%); the mean age of the participants was 43.8 years. The median global score was 51.4 (IQR: 12). The domains with the worst perception of psychosocial adjustment were: Health care orientation (Me: 56, IQR: 20), extended family relationship (Me: 55, IQR: 20), and Sexual relationship (Me: 54, IQR: 14), while those who had a better perception of adjustment were: Domestic environment (Me: 48, IQR: 8), Psychological distress (Me: 48, IQR: 17), Social environment (Me: 50, IQR: 18) and Vocational environment (Me: 50, IQR: 12). It was found that patients with a poor psychosocial adjustment process had low adherence to treatment, higher frequency of smoking, and sedentary lifestyle (p<0.001), while male sex, older age, and employment were related to a better psychosocial adjustment process (p<0.001).

Conclusion. The process of psychosocial adjustment to illness in the study group is medium; adjustment was positively related to self-care habits such as better adherence to pharmacological treatment, physical activity, and not smoking.

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Author Biography

Carlos Jesús Canova Barrios, Universidad de Ciencias Empresariales y Sociales

Nurse, Ph.D in Medical Sciences. Professor, Universidad de Ciencias Empresariales y Sociales, Buenos Aires (Argentina). Email: Carlos.canova1993@gmail.com

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Published

2022-03-28 — Updated on 2023-09-20

Versions

How to Cite

Canova Barrios, C. J. (2023). Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness among HIV-Positive People from Buenos Aires, Argentina. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 40(1). https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.iee.v40n1e11 (Original work published March 28, 2022)

Issue

Section

ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS

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