Quality of Professional Life and Burnout of the Nursing Staff at an Intensive Care Unit in Venezuela

  • Pedro José Quijada-Martínez Instituto Autónomo Hospital Universitario de Los Andes
  • Irmarys Rosangel Cedeño-Idrogo Instituto Autónomo Hospital Universitario de Los Andes
  • Guillermo Terán-Ángel Universidad de Los Andes
Keywords: quality of life, nursing staff, intensive care units, burnout, psychological, cross-sectional studies

Abstract

Objective. To determine the relationship between the level of quality of professional life and the characteristics of the burnout syndrome of the nursing staff in the intensive care unit.

Methods. An analytic cross-sectional study was conducted in the intensive care unit of a public hospital in Mérida (Venezuela), with the participation of 40 nurses from a total population of 43. The Professional Quality of
Life of 35 items (QoPL-35) and Maslach Burnout Inventory scales were used.

Results. Of the participants, 67.5% were professionals and 32.5% were residents, < 41 years of age (75%) and of female sex (90%). The professional quality of life was regular (median = 213), the intrinsic motivation dimension was the best scored (median = 76), followed by that of workload (median = 68) and that of directive support (median = 65). The prevalence of high burnout syndrome was 22.5%; emotional exhaustion affected 75.5% of the participants and 37.5% had low personal achievement. The level of professional quality of life was related with the severity of the burnout syndrome (p=0.04).

Conclusion. The professional quality of life of the nurses in the ICU studied was regular and is associated with a higher risk of suffering severe burnout syndrome.

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Author Biographies

Pedro José Quijada-Martínez , Instituto Autónomo Hospital Universitario de Los Andes

Specialist in Internal Medicine, Specialist in Intensive Care and Critical Medicine. Email: pjquijadamartinez@gmail.com. Corresponding author

Irmarys Rosangel Cedeño-Idrogo , Instituto Autónomo Hospital Universitario de Los Andes

Nurse, Specialist in the Care of the Critically Ill Patient. Email: irci3@hormail.com

Guillermo Terán-Ángel , Universidad de Los Andes

Biologist, M.Sc. Professor, Universidad de Los Andes. Mérida, Venezuela. Email: guillermondi@gmail.com

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Published
2021-06-12
How to Cite
Quijada-Martínez P. J., Cedeño-Idrogo I. R., & Terán-Ángel G. (2021). Quality of Professional Life and Burnout of the Nursing Staff at an Intensive Care Unit in Venezuela . Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 39(2). https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.iee.v39n2e08
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS