Horizontal vortex single chamber hydroturbine

Keywords: Renewable energy, vortex chamber, power, turbine design

Abstract

A machine with high-form resistance was evaluated in order to extract energy from a creek, river or ocean stream, and generate electricity. Without appropriate instruments, research turned into qualitative. It was assumed that if it still worked, its behavior may improve softening its form. The device has a semi-convergent nozzle with flat walls, a cylindrical Vortex Chamber and a runner. It captures water through its largest section and downloads tangentially by its lower section into the Vortex Chamber. It has a hole in one of its sidewalls. This way, it forms a horizontal vortex that spins a rotor whose shaft drives an electric generator. The experimental work carried out showed that it is possible to generate electricity with this device despite the adverse conditions in which it was tested.

|Abstract
= 137 veces | PDF
= 129 veces|

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Sergio Antonio Zarate-Orrego, Universidad del Valle

Facultad de Ingeniería

Asistente de investigación grupo de investigación en Dinamica de Fluidos

Escuela de Ingeniería de los Recursos Naturales y del Medio Ambiente (EIDENAR)

 

Gerardo Andrés Torres-Casierra, Universidad del Valle

Facultad de Ingeniería

Asistente de investigación grupo de investigación en Dinamica de Fluidos

Escuela de Ingeniería de los Recursos Naturales y del Medio Ambiente (EIDENAR)

Efraín Baldemar del Risco-Moreno, Universidad del Valle

Facultad de Ingeniería

Profesor asociado de la Escuela de Recursos Naturales y del Ambiente EIDENAR.

Director Grupo de Investigación en Dinámica de Fluidos

Jefe del Laboratorio de Mecánica de Fluidos e Hidráulica

References

F. Manzini and P. Macías, “Nuevas Energías Renovables: Una alternativa energética sustentable”, Centro de investigación en energía / Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México, Tech. Rep., Aug. 2004.

S. Wanchat, R. Suntivarakorn, S. Wanchat, K. Tonmit and P. Kayanyiem, “A Parametric Study of a Gravitation Vortex Power Plant”, Advanced Materials Research, vols. 805-806, pp. 811-817, 2013.

D. Basset, “A historical survey of low-head hydropower generators and recent laboratory based work at University of Salford”, Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Civil Eng., Univ. of Salford, Manchester, UK, 1989.

V. Lobo, “Design of a vortex induced based marine hydro-kinetic energy systems”, M.S. thesis, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Missouri, USA, 2012.

C. Chang, “Hydrokinetic energy harnessing by enhancement of flow induced motion using passive turbulence control”, Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. of Michigan, Michigan, USA, 2010.

J. Senior, “Hydrostatic Pressure Converters for the Exploitation of Very Low Head Hydropower Potential”, Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. of Southampton, Southampton, UK, 2009.

O. Yaakob, Y. Ahmed, A. Elbatran and H. Shabara, “A review on Micro Hydro Gravitational Vortex Power and Turbine Systems”, Jurnal Teknologi, vol. 69, no. 7, pp. 1-7, 2014.

A. Elbatran, O. Yaakob, Y. Ahmed and H. Shabara, “Operation, performance and economic analysis of low head micro-hydropower turbines for ruraland remotes areas: A review”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 43, pp. 40-50, 2015.

M. Khan, G. Bhuyan, M. Iqbal and J. Quaicoe, “Hydrokinetic energy conversion systems and assessment of horizontal and vertical axis turbine for river and tidal applications: A technology status review”, Applied Energy, vol. 86, no. 10, pp. 1823-1835, 2009.

L. Lago, F. Ponta and L. Chen, “Advances and trends in hydrokinetic turbine systems”, Energy for Sustainable Development, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 287-296, 2010.

P. Wiemann, G. Müller and J. Senior, “Review of current developments in low head, small hydropower”, in 32nd IAHR Conference, Venice, Italy, 2007, pp. 1-10.

S. Bozhinova, V. Hecht, D. Kisliakov, G. Muller and S. Schneider, “Hydropower converters with head differences below 2.5m”, Energy Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, vol. 166, no. 3, pp. 107-119, 2013.

J. Johnson and D. Pride, “River, tidal and ocean current hydrokinetic energy technologies: Status and future opportunities in Alaska”, Alaska Center for Energy and Power, Fairbanks, USA Tech. Rep., Nov. 2010.

Colorado Department of Agriculture, Applegate Group, Inc. and Colorado State University, “Exploring the Viability of Low Head Hydro in Colorado’s Existing Irrigation Infrastructure”, Applegate Group, Inc., Colorado, USA, Final Rep. 10-101, Jul. 2011.

M. Behera, X. Haihua and P. Tkalich, “Singapore strait hydrodynamics: from ancient myths to renewable energy”, Contributions to Marine Science, National Univ. of Singapore, pp. 1-10, 2012.

Y. Lee, C. Kim, Y. Choi, I. Kim and Y. Hwang, “Performance of a direct drive hydro turbine for wave power generation”, in 25th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems, Timişoara, Romania, 2010, pp. 1-9.

S. Dhakal, S. Nakarmi, P. Pun, A. Thapa and T. Bajracharya, “Development and Testing of Runner and Conical Basin for gravitational for gravitational Water Vortex Power Plant”, Journal of Institute of Engineering, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 140-148, 2014.

S. Mulligan and P. Hull, “Design and optimisation of a water vortex hydropower plant”, Undergraduate thesis, Inst. of Tech. Sligo, Sligo, Ireland, 2010.

H. Shabara, O. Yaakob, Y. Ahmed and A. Elbatran, “CFD Simulation of Water Gravitation Vortex Pool Flow for Mini Hydropower Plants”, Jurnal Teknologi, vol. 74, no. 5, pp. 77-81, 2015.

C. Power, A. McNabola and P. Coughlan, “A Parametric Experimental Investigation of the Operating Conditions of Gravitational Vortex Hydropower (GVHP)”, Journal of Clean Energy Technologies, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 112-119, 2016.

G. Torres, “Algunas características hidrodinámicas de un vórtice inducido en un cilindro por una corriente de agua” Undergraduate thesis, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia. 2012.

P. Kouris, “Hydraulic turbine assembly”, U.S. Patent 6 114 773 A, Sep. 5, 2000.

F. Zotloterer, “Hydroelectric power plant”, Austria Patent AU2003294512, Jul. 22, 2004.

M. Hallet, “Vortex hydro turbine”, U.S. Patent 8 376 699 B1, Feb. 19, 2013.

P. Sing and F. Nestmann, “Experimental optimization of a free vortex propeller runner for micro hydro application”, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 991-1002, 2009.

G. Marian et al., “The concept and theoretical study of micro hydropower plant with gravitational vortex and turbine with rapidity steps”, Buletinul AGIR, vol. 3, pp. 219-226, 2012.

H. Lugt, Vortex Flow in Nature and Technology, 1st ed. Florida, USA: Krieger Publishing Company, 1995.

S. Alekseenko, P. Kuibin and V. Okulov, Theory of Concentrated Vortices, 1st ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer, 2007.

P. Childs, Rotating Flow, 1st ed. Oxford, UK: Elsevier, 2011.

V. Sammartano, C. Aricò, A. Carravetta, O. Fecarotta and T. Tucciarelli, “Banki-Michell Optimal Design by Computational Fluid Dynamics Testing and Hydrodynamic Analysis”, Energies, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 2362-2385, 2013.

Instituto Colombiano de Normas Técnicas y Certificación (ICONTEC)

Guía sobre la incertidumbre de la medición para principiantes, GTC 115, 2004.

Instituto Colombiano de Normas Técnicas y Certificación (ICONTEC), Medida de caudal de fluidos. Procedimiento para la evaluación de incertidumbres, GTC 170, 2008.

Published
2016-06-16
How to Cite
Zarate-Orrego S. A., Torres-Casierra G. A., & del Risco-Moreno E. B. (2016). Horizontal vortex single chamber hydroturbine. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (79), 150-162. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.n79a14