Reconstruction of multispectral light field (5d plenoptic function) based on compressive sensing with colored coded apertures from 2D projections

Keywords: Light field, compressive sensing, multispectral image, multispectral light field, colored coded aperture

Abstract

In the last decade, spatio – angular (light field) acquisition systems have advanced due to the inclusion of coded apertures in the optical path. These coded apertures, modulate the light, encoding the information before being captured. Traditionally, these coded apertures are binary, i.e. block and unblock the light rays in the spatial dimension, capturing sparse information of the scene. In this work, the binary coded aperture is replaced by a colored coded aperture which modulates the source not only spatially but spectrally. Thereby, it is possible to capture light fields in multiple wavelengths yielding high spectral resolution. The spectral information provides many features of a scene in different wavelengths, these features are not present in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum. In this paper, an algorithm that simulates the light field sampling with colored coded apertures is proposed. The proposed algorithm, exploits the redundant information of the scene based on the compressive sensing theory thus, capturing just a sparse signal. The multidimensional image can be recovered from the underlying signal through a reconstruction algorithm. Several simulations show the quality of the multispectral light field reconstructions. The PSNR (Peak Signal to Noise Ratio) values obtained for the reconstructions are around 25 dB.

|Abstract
= 1555 veces | PDF
= 619 veces|

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Kareth Marcela León-López, Universidad Industrial de Santander
Escuela de Ingeniería de Sistemas e Informática, Facultad de Ingenierías Fisicomecánicas
Laura Viviana Galvis-Carreño, University of Delaware
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Henry Arguello-Fuentes, Universidad Industrial de Santander
Escuela de Ingeniería de Sistemas e Informática, Facultad de Ingenierías Fisicomecánicas

References

E. Candès, “Compressive sampling”, in International Congress of Mathematicians, Madrid, Spain, 2006, pp. 1433-1452.

M. Fornasier and H. Rauhut, “Compressive sensing”, in Handbook Mathematical Methods in Imaging, O. Scherzer (ed). New York, USA: Springer, 2011, pp. 187-228.

D. Donoho, “Compressed sensing”, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 1289-1306, 2006.

G. Shaw and H. Burke, “Spectral imaging for remote sensing”, Lincoln Lab. J., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 3-28, 2003.

K. Marwah, G. Wetzstein, Y. Bando and R. Raskar, “Compressive light field photography using overcomplete dictionaries and optimized projections”, ACM Trans. Graph., vol. 32, no. 4, 2013.

A. Mian and R. Hartley, “Hyperspectral video restoration using optical flow and sparse coding”, Optics Express, vol. 20, no. 10. p. 10658-10673, 2012.

K. Choi and D. Brady, “Coded aperture computed tomography”, in SPIE 7468: Adapt. Coded Aperture Imaging, Non-Imaging, Unconv. Imaging Sens. Syst., San Diego, USA, 2009.

E. Adelson and J. Bergen, “The plenoptic function and the elements of early vision”, in Computational Models of Visual Processing, M. Landy and J. Movshon (eds). Cambridge, USA: MIT Press, 1991, pp. 3-20.

G. Wetzstein, I. Ihrke, D. Lanman and W. Heidrich, “Computational plenoptic imaging”, Comput. Graph. Forum, vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 2397-2426, 2011.

H. Rueda, H. Arguello and G. Arce, “Compressive spectral imaging based on colored coded apertures”, in IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), Florence, Italy, 2014, pp. 7799-7803.

S. Babacan, R. Ansorge, M. Luessi, R. Molina and A. Katsaggelos, “Compressive Sensing of Light Fields”, in IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP), Cairo, Egypt, 2009, pp. 2337-2340.

R. Ng, “Digital light field photography”, Ph.D. dissertation, Standford University, Stanford, USA, 2006.

M. Aharon, M. Elad and A. Bruckstein, “K-SVD: An algorithm for designing overcomplete dictionaries for sparse representation”, IEEE Trans. Signal Process., vol. 54, pp. 4311-4322, 2006.

A. Brückner, “Microoptical Multi Aperture Imaging Systems”, Ph.D. dissertation, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Jena, Germany, 2011.

S. Kim, E. Lee, M. Hayes and J. Paik, “Multifocusing and depth estimation using a color shift model-based computational camera”, IEEE Trans. Image Process., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 4152-4166, 2012.

Y. Bando, B. Chen and T. Nishita, “Extracting depth and matte using a color-filtered aperture”, ACM Transactions on Graphics, vol. 27, no. 5, 2008.

H. Arguello and G. Arce, “Colored coded aperture design by concentration of measure in compressive spectral imaging”, IEEE Trans. Image Process., vol. 23, pp. 1896-1908, 2014.

H. Arguello, H. Rueda, Y. Wu, D. Prather and G. Arce, “Higher-order computational model for coded aperture spectral imaging”, Appl. Opt., vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 12-21, 2013.

E. van den Berg and M. Friedlander, “Probing the Pareto Frontier for Basis Pursuit Solutions”, SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing, vol. 31, no. 2. pp. 890-912, 2009.

Z. Wang, A. Bovik, H. Sheikh and E. Simoncelli, “Image quality assessment: From error visibility to structural similarity”, IEEE Trans. Image Process., vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 600-612, 2004.

Published
2016-09-15