Single-pixel optical sensing architecture for compressive hyperspectral imaging
Keywords:hyperspectral imaging, compressive sensing, optical imaging, coded aperture-based systems, single-pixel detector
Compressive hyperspectral imaging systems (CSI) capture the threedimensional (3D) information of a scene by measuring two-dimensional (2D) coded projections in a Focal Plane Array (FPA). These projections are then exploited by means of an optimization algorithm to obtain an estimation of the underlying 3D information. The quality of the reconstructions is highly dependent on the resolution of the FPA detector, which cost grows exponentially with the resolution. High-resolution low-cost reconstructions are thus desirable. This paper proposes a Single Pixel Compressive Hyperspectral Imaging Sensor (SPHIS) to capture and reconstruct hyperspectral images. This optical architecture relies on the use of multiple snapshots of two timevarying coded apertures and a dispersive element. Several simulations with two different databases show promising results as the reliable reconstruction of a hyperspectral image can be achieved by using as few as just the 30% of its voxels.
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