Spectral signature of brown rust and orange rust in sugarcane

Keywords: Remote sensing, sugar cane, pests, vegetation, agriculture

Abstract

Precision agriculture, making use of the spatial and temporal variability of cultivable land, allows farmers to refine fertilization, control field irrigation, estimate planting productivity, and detect pests and disease in crops. To that end, this paper identifies the spectral reflectance signature of brown rust (Puccinia melanocephala) and orange rust (Puccinia kuehnii), which contaminate sugar cane leaves (Saccharum spp.). By means of spectrometry, the mean values and standard deviations of the spectral reflectance signature are obtained for five levels of contamination of the leaves in each type of rust, observing the greatest differences between healthy and diseased leaves in the red (R) and near infrared (NIR) bands. With the results obtained, a multispectral camera was used to obtain images of the leaves and calculate the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). The results identified the presence of both plagues by differentiating healthy from contaminated leaves through the index value with an average difference of 11.9% for brown rust and 9.9% for orange rust.

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Author Biographies

Jorge Luís Soca-Muñoz, Universidad Carlos Rafael Rodríguez

Centro de Estudios Termoenergéticos

Eniel Rodríguez-Machado, Universidad Central Marta Abreu de Las Villas

Grupo de Automatización, Robótica y Percepción (GARP)

Osmany Aday-Díaz, Instituto de Investigaciones de la Caña de Azúcar INICA

Estación Territorial de Investigaciones de la Caña de Azúcar (ETICA Centro Villa Clara)

Luis Hernández-Santana, Universidad Central Marta Abreu de Las Villas

Grupo de Automatización, Robótica y Percepción (GARP)

Rubén Orozco-Morales, Universidad Central Marta Abreu de Las Villas

Grupo de Automatización, Robótica y Percepción (GARP)

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Published
2020-02-21
How to Cite
Soca-Muñoz, J. L., Rodríguez-Machado, E., Aday-Díaz, O., Hernández-Santana, L., & Orozco-Morales, R. (2020). Spectral signature of brown rust and orange rust in sugarcane. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (96), 9-20. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.20191042