Diseño de superficies de control para aeronaves radiocontroladas. Caso: prototipo clase Micro SAE Aero Design

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.20210740

Palabras clave:

Aeronave, aerodinámica, XFLR5, metodología de diseño, dinámica de fluidos

Resumen

Se presenta una metodología para el diseño de superficies de control primarias, alerones, timón de dirección y elevador, en aeromodelos experimentales radiocontrolados. La metodología se basa en la propuesta y estandarización de los análisis mecánicos y aerodinámicos requeridos para el dimensionamiento de cada superficie de control, en función de los objetivos de la competencia SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) Aero Design en su categoría Micro. Para ello fue necesaria la obtención de las variables de diseño a partir de resultados empíricos previamente descritos en la bibliografía sobre diseño aeronáutico, así como del empleo de programas de dinámica de fluidos computacional y de los estándares que regulan la controlabilidad de las aeronaves. La secuencia de iteraciones necesarias en el diseño se automatizó por medio de un código escrito en lenguaje C++ con la finalidad de obtener las variables de diseño óptimas de cada superficie, reduciendo posibles errores de cálculo y el tiempo invertido en el proceso de diseño. La aplicación de la metodología al último diseño construido ayudó a disminuir la relación entre el peso total de los sistemas de control respecto al peso en vacío de la aeronave a un mínimo de 3,4%.

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Biografía del autor/a

Rafael A. Márquez, Universidad Metropolitana

Estudiante de Ingeniería Mecánica e Industrial

Miguel A. Martínez, Universidad Metropolitana

Estudiante de Ingeniería Mecánica

Manuel J. Martínez, Universidad San Sebastián

Profesor, Ingeniería Civil e Industrial 

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Publicado

2021-07-27

Cómo citar

Márquez, R. A., Martínez, M. A., & Martínez, M. J. (2021). Diseño de superficies de control para aeronaves radiocontroladas. Caso: prototipo clase Micro SAE Aero Design. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (104), 71–82. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.20210740