Prevalence of malocclusions in a group of mexican university students and its possible association with age, sex, and socioeconomic status, 2009

  • José Francisco Murrieta-Pruneda Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • Claudia Lorena Arrieta-Ortega Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • Lilia Adriana Juárez-López Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • Celia Linares-Vieyra Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana
  • Martha Beatriz González-Guevara Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Xochimilco
  • Arcelia Meléndez-Ocampo Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Keywords: Dental occlusion, Angle classification, Dental malocclusion, Prevalence, Socioeconomic status

Abstract

Introduction: dental occlusion refers to the relationships of teeth at rest; it may be altered by a variety of factors. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of dental malocclusions and their possible relations to age, sex, and socioeconomic status in a group of university students. Methods: the epidemiological survey was conducted in two moments: application of a questionnaire, and an oral examination. Two examiners were standardized for this purpose (Cr = 0.03, Ca = 0.89, k = 0.902). Results: 47.7% of the students come from the middle class. 13.2% presented normal occlusion, and 86.8% had dental malocclusion. Their distribution per age, sex, and socioeconomic status did not show statistically significant differences. Concerning malocclusion classification, the most common one was Class I (37.3%), a figure which happened to be lower than expected, in comparison to the same condition in similar populations. Conclusions: the only conclusion drawn from this study is that socioeconomic status is not a factor associated to the frequency of dental occlusion classification in this population, so there might be other factors to be evaluated, such as cultural and educational factors.

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Author Biographies

José Francisco Murrieta-Pruneda, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

DMD, Full Professors, Zaragoza School of Higher Education, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Claudia Lorena Arrieta-Ortega, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

DMD, Full Professors, Zaragoza School of Higher Education, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Lilia Adriana Juárez-López, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Dental Surgery Intern, Zaragoza School of Higher Education, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Celia Linares-Vieyra, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana
MSc in Public Health, Full Professor, Pathology and Oral Medicine Graduate Program, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Xochimilco
Martha Beatriz González-Guevara, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Xochimilco

Maestra en Salud Pública. Profesora de Tiempo Completo. Maestría en Patología y Medicina Bucal. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xochimilco. México.

Arcelia Meléndez-Ocampo, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
MSc in Public Health, Full Professor, School of Dentistry, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
Published
2012-11-29
How to Cite
Murrieta-Pruneda J. F., Arrieta-Ortega C. L., Juárez-López L. A., Linares-Vieyra C., González-Guevara M. B., & Meléndez-Ocampo A. (2012). Prevalence of malocclusions in a group of mexican university students and its possible association with age, sex, and socioeconomic status, 2009. Revista Facultad De Odontología Universidad De Antioquia, 24(1), 121-132. Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/odont/article/view/10768