Immune response in the periodontium: from health to disease and therapeutic implications

Authors

  • Javier Enrique Botero Universidad de Antioquia

Keywords:

Gingivitis, Periodontitis, Immune response, Inflammation, Cytokines

Abstract


Periodontal disease is the resulting clinical expression of an inflammatory process, initiated by bacteria and perpetuated during long periods of time. A series of cellular and molecular events occur with variable complexity as soon as bacteria start to accumulate around teeth. Although bacteria are necessary for the initiation of periodontal disease, the immune response is the responsible for the periodontal breakdown. The clinical appearance of periodontal disease is the result of sequential immune events. This article reviews the most important immunological mechanisms implicated in periodontal disease and their relationship with periodontal treatment.

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Author Biography

Javier Enrique Botero, Universidad de Antioquia

PhD, Profesor Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Antioquia.

Published

2009-12-16

How to Cite

Botero, J. E. (2009). Immune response in the periodontium: from health to disease and therapeutic implications. Revista Facultad De Odontología Universidad De Antioquia, 21(1), 122–128. Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/odont/article/view/2173

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