Evaluation of microleakage degree in composite resin restorations by comparing two adhesives systems after different aging periods

  • Juan Carlos Vivas-Moncayo Universidad del Valle
  • Juliana Moreno-Preciado Universidad del Valle
  • Isabel Cristina Campo-Gómez Universidad del Valle
  • Herney Garzón-Rayo Universidad del Valle
Keywords: Adhesive systems, Microfiltration, Composite resins


Introduction: endodontically treated teeth usually need to be rehabilitated with posts that normally undergo a restoration. The material replacing lost dentin must guarantee appropriate clinical performance (post, cement, or rehabilitator) and closely integrate to dentin, forming a single unit. The goal of this article is to determine which cementation protocol for fiber glass posts shows the best adhesive strength in the presence of the push-out test. Method: a sample of 60 teeth were divided into two groups and subdivided into two subgroups, performing four cuts with an IsoMet® 1000 Precision machine (Buehler) and a diamond disc (Isocut Wafering Blade-CBN HC) easuring 7 inches in diameter and 0.03 inches thick, obtaining three root disks: one of the cervical area, one of the middle zone, and another of the apical area. The groups were sorted out as follows: Group 1: 30 teeth filled with epoxy resin cement (Top Seal). Sub-groups 1.1 (15 teeth) and 2.1 (15 teeth), which were treated with Condac 37% acid phosphoric, 2% chlorhexidine, Duolink cement, and prefabricated post. Group 2: 30 teeth filled with zinc oxide eugenol cement (Grossman). Sub-groups 1.2 (15 teeth) and 2.2 (15 teeth), treated with 32% Uni-etch acid, Duolink cement, and prefabricated post. All samples were subjected to the push-out test using a universal machine (Instron, model: ELS-5, made in China, with 1 to 600 Kn load capacity). Samples were photographed with a digital camera AxioCam ERc5s® Zeiss, stereo-microscope Stemi 2000-CG®, in order to carry out an observational analysis of the results according to failure type. Results: failure types: cohesive to dentin (CD), adhesive to post (AP), adhesive to dentine (AD). Most frequent failures: Group 1, subgroup 1.1: middle zone (CD 80%). Subgroup 1.2: middle zone (AD 66.7%). Group 2, subgroup 2.1: apical area (AD 73.3%). Subgroup 2.2: apical area (AD 86.7%). Conclusions: There were no statistically significant differences between the Grossman and the Top Seal cements, but there was less adhesive strength with the Grossman cement, and lower resistance with the Uni-etch phosphoric acid and no chlorhexidine, compared to phosphoric acid plus chlorhexidine.

= 214 veces | PDF (ESPAÑOL (ESPAÑA))
= 151 veces|


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Juan Carlos Vivas-Moncayo, Universidad del Valle
DMD, Universidad Santiago de Cali. Oral rehabilitator, Universidad del Valle
Juliana Moreno-Preciado, Universidad del Valle
DMD, Universidad Santiago de Cali. Oral rehabilitator, Universidad del Valle
Isabel Cristina Campo-Gómez, Universidad del Valle
DMD, Universidad Santiago de Cali. Oral rehabilitator, Universidad del Valle 
Herney Garzón-Rayo, Universidad del Valle
DMD, Universidad del Valle. Oral rehabilitator, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada. Head of the Graduate Program in Oral Rehabilitation,Universidad del Valle


Scotti R, Ferrari M. Pernos de fibra de vidrio: bases teóricas y aplicaciones clínicas. Barcelona: Masson, 2004.

Kogan EF, Gad ZF. Estudio comparativo de la adaptación de tres sistemas prefabricados de postes endodónticos a la preparación del conducto. Rev ADM 2004; LXI(3): 102-108.

D’Arcangelo C, Cinelli M, De Angelis F, D’Amario M. The effect of resin cement film thickness on the pullout strength of a fiber-reinforced post system. J Prosthet Dent 2007; 98(3): 193-198.

Bitter K, Meyer-Lueckel H, Priehn K, Kanjuparambil JP, Neumann K, Kielbassa AM. Effects of luting agent and thermocycling on bond strengths to root canal dentine. Int Endod J 2006; 39(10): 809-818.

Foxton RM, Nakajima M, Tagami J, Miura H. Adhesion to root canal dentin using one two-step adhesives with dual-cure composite core materials. J Oral Rehabil 2005; 32(2): 97-104.

Aguilar-Mendoza JA, Rosales-Leal JI, Rodríguez-Valverde MA, González-López S, Cabrerizo-Vílchez MA. Wettability and bonding of self-etching dental adhesives. Influence of the smear layer. Dent Mater 2008; 24(7): 994-1000.

Wang VJ, Chen YM, Yip KH, Smales RJ, Meng QF, Chen L. Effect of two fiber post types and two luting cement systems on regional post retention using the push-out test. Dental Mater 2008; 24(3): 372-377.

Erdemir U, Mumcu E, Topcu FT, Yildiz E, Yamanel K, Akyol M. Micro push-out bond strengths of 2 fiber post types luted using different adhesive strategies. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2010; 110(4): 534-544.

Vera RJ, Dib KA, Polanco-Stephané H, Franco-Romero G, Betancourt-Lozano E, Valois-Rodríguez Q. Comparación entre dos cementos selladores con y sin eugenol sobre la retención de postes de fibra de vidrio cementados con resina dual Variolink II. Oral 2004; 5(17): 249-253.

Asociación Médica Mundial. Principios éticos para las investigaciones médicas en seres humanos. Declaración de Helsinki. Finlandia: Asociación Médica Mundial, 1964.

Resolución 008430 del 4 de octubre de 1993. Resolución por la cual se establecen las normas científicas, técnicas y administrativas para la investigación en salud. Ministerio de la Protección Social.

Pashley D, Tay FR, Breschi L, Tjäderhane L, Carvalho RM, Carrilho M et al. State of the art etch-and-rinse adhesives. Dent Mater 2011; 27(1): 1-16.

Amaral F, Colucci V, Palma RG, Corona SA. Assessment of in vitro methods used to promote adhesive interface degradation: a clinical review. J Esthet Restor Dent 2007; 19(6): 340-353; discussion 354.

Ali-Saghiri M, Asatourian A., Garcia F. The impact of thermocycling process on the dislodgement force of different endodontic cements. Biomed Res Int [Internet] 2013; 317185.

Kwon S, Burgess J, Cakir-Ustun D, Beck P, Kalavacharla VK, Ramp LC Shear bond strength universal bonding agents to enamel and dentin. En: 43rd Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the AADR; Charlotte, USA 2014 Mar 19-22. Charlotte: AADR; 2014.

Da Rosa RA, Bergoli CD, Kaizer OB, Valandro LF. Influence of cement thickness and mechanical cycling on the push-out bond strength between posts and root dentin. Gen Dent 2011; 59(4): e156-161.

Pereira JR, Lins-do-Valle A, Ghizoni JS, Lorenzoni FC, Ramos MB, Dos-Reis-Só MV. Push-out bond strengths of different dental cements used to cement glass fiber posts. J Prosthet Dent 2013; 110(2): 134-140.

Saraiva L, Rodrigues T, Costa L, Correr L, Muniz L, Mathias P. Effect of different adhesion strategies on fiber post cementation: push-out test and scanning electron microscopy analysis. Contemp Clin Dent 2013; 4(4): 443-447.

Shiratori FK, Valle AL, Pegoraro TA, Carvalho RM, Pereira JR. Influence of technique and manipulation on self-adhesive resin cements used to cement intraradicular posts. J Prosthet Dent 2013; 110(1): 56-60.

Pereira J, Rosa RA, Só MV, Afonso D, Kuga MC, Honório HM et al. Push-out bond strength of fiber posts to root dentin using glass ionomer and resin modified glass ionomer cements, J Appl Oral Sci 2014; 22(5): 390-396.

Perdigão J, Dentin bonding-variables related to the clinical situation and the substrate treatment. Dent Mater. 2010; 26(2): e24-37.

Bolhuis P, de-Gee A, Feilzer A. The influence of fatigue loading on the quality of cement layer and retention strength of carbon fiber post-resin composite core restorations. Oper Dent 2005; 30(2): 220-227.

Hagge M, Wong RD, Lindemuth JS. Effect of three root canal sealers on the retentive strength of endodontic posts luted with a resin cement. Int Endod J 2002; 35(4):372-378.

How to Cite
Vivas-Moncayo J. C., Moreno-Preciado J., Campo-Gómez I. C., & Garzón-Rayo H. (2016). Evaluation of microleakage degree in composite resin restorations by comparing two adhesives systems after different aging periods. Revista Facultad De Odontología Universidad De Antioquia, 27(2), 296-321. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rfo.v27n2a4