Association of early childhood caries with risk factors at community homes of Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar in Zipaquirá, Colombia

Authors

  • Carmenza Macías-Gutiérrez Institución Universitaria Colegios de Colombia
  • Diana Marcela Díaz-Quijano Universidad de La Sabana
  • Martha Lucía Caycedo-Espinel Institución Universitaria Colegios de Colombia
  • Francisco Lamus-Lemus Universidad de La Sabana
  • Carlos Javier Rincón-Rodríguez Universidad de La Sabana

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rfo.v28n1a7

Keywords:

Dental caries, risk factors, Pediatric dentistry, Malnutrition, Dental plaque, Growth and development

Abstract

Introduction: the goal of this study was to establish the association of social and biological risk factors with early childhood caries (ECC) in children from community homes of Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar (ICBF) in Zipaquirá, Colombia. Methods: descriptive cross-sectional study conducted by universities in 546 children aged 24 to 60 months. The following conditions were identified: socio-demographic variables, hygiene habits, O’Leary index and DMFT index, anthropometric variables, and psychomotor development. To evaluate the association of early childhood caries and severe caries to the variables under study, the Pearson’s Chi-squared test was used for categorical variables, and the Spearman’s correlation coefficient test was used for ordinal variables. Results: prevalence of ECC of 64.3% (95% CI 60.3%-68,3%) and severe ECC of 54% (95% CI 49.8%-58,2%). There was statistically significant association between the presence of ECC and inadequate brushing, visits to the dentist, dental treatment, the presence of malnutrition and the consumption of food at night after brushing; and severe ECC was associated with visits to the dentist, dental treatment, bottle feeding during the evening, the use of sweeteners in baby bottles, the habit of sleeping with the bottle, and food intake in the evening after brushing. Conclusions: the prevalence of EEC is high. The results of this study help validate the need for a comprehensive approach to children’s health care, incorporating ECC to the spectrum of childhood diseases prevalent in the studied population.

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Author Biographies

Carmenza Macías-Gutiérrez, Institución Universitaria Colegios de Colombia

DMD. Specialist in Pediatric Dentistry. Institución Universitaria Colegios de Colombia, Colegio Odontológico. Bogotá, Colombia.

Diana Marcela Díaz-Quijano, Universidad de La Sabana

MD. Specialist in Epidemiology. Master’s Degree in Clinical Epidemiology. School of Medicine. Universidad de La Sabana. Chía, Colombia

Martha Lucía Caycedo-Espinel, Institución Universitaria Colegios de Colombia

Bogotá, 1962-2014. DMD. Specialist in Epidemiology. She was a professor and researcher at Institución Universitaria Colegios de Colombia, Colegio Odontológico. Bogotá, Colombia

Francisco Lamus-Lemus, Universidad de La Sabana

MD. Specialist in Pediatrics. PhD in Public Health. School of Medicine. Universidad de La Sabana. Chía, Colombia

Carlos Javier Rincón-Rodríguez, Universidad de La Sabana

Statistician. Master’s Degree in Clinical Epidemiology. School of Medicine. Universidad de La Sabana. Chía, Colombia. 

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Published

2016-12-16

How to Cite

Macías-Gutiérrez, C., Díaz-Quijano, D. M., Caycedo-Espinel, M. L., Lamus-Lemus, F., & Rincón-Rodríguez, C. J. (2016). Association of early childhood caries with risk factors at community homes of Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar in Zipaquirá, Colombia. Revista Facultad De Odontología Universidad De Antioquia, 28(1), 123–138. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rfo.v28n1a7