Prevalencia de fluorosis dental en escolares de nueve y diez años de la zona urbana y rural del municipio de Andes (Antioquia)

Authors

  • Blanca Susana Ramírez-P. Universidad de Antioquia
  • Jorge Luis Sierra-L. Universidad de Antioquia
  • Ángela María Sarrazola-M. Universidad de Antioquia
  • Rosa Virginia López-C. Universidad de Antioquia

Keywords:

Fluoride, Dental fluorosis, Dental caries, Children

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to establish the prevalence of dental fluorosis in order to evaluate the observation made by health authorities, dentists and people, regarding the presence of white spots on the teeth of schoolchildren. A cross-sectional descriptive study was undertaken, in 472 randomly selected schoolchildren, ages 9 to 10 years and that were attending the schools of the rural and urban areas of the municipality of Andes. The examination was done by previously calibrated dentist. Dean's Dental Fluorosis Index was calculated for permanent dentition. Water and salt samples consumed in Andes were examined. Prevalence of dental fluorosis was 41% (CI 95% 36 < 41 < 45), being higher in the rural area. Very slight fluorosis degree of fluorosis was the most frequent (26.9%). The central incisors and the upper first molars were affected the most. Prevalence of dental fluorosis was higher in rural area (Chit: p value: 0,049); with a level of significance of 0,05. There were not statistically significant differences among those who lived their first years of life in Andes and those who lived somewhere else (Chi': 2,27, p value: 0,09). There were not statistically significant differences by sex (Chit: 3,32, p value: 0,68).

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References

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Published

2020-09-21

How to Cite

Ramírez-P., B. S., Sierra-L., J. L., Sarrazola-M., Ángela M., & López-C., R. V. (2020). Prevalencia de fluorosis dental en escolares de nueve y diez años de la zona urbana y rural del municipio de Andes (Antioquia). Revista Facultad De Odontología Universidad De Antioquia, 14(1), 7–14. Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/odont/article/view/343902