Cobertura arbórea y herbácea en pasturas naturalizadas de fincas ganaderas del Trópico Seco de Nicaragua

Authors

  • Raúl Velásquez Vélez
  • Jairo Mora Delgado

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.324329

Keywords:

botanical composition, dairy cows, naturalized pastures, spatial scales, woody perennials in pastures

Abstract

Summary

In pastures with very diverse botanical composition, as is the case of naturalized pastures in Muy Muy (Nicaragua), it is important to know which species are present in the pasture, because they constitutes a part of the diet for the cattle. That floristic composition change in the pastures managed under different grazing conditions. We evaluated cover, floristic composition and type of the arboreal and herbaceous vegetation under two landscape condition (undulating lands and riverbanks), and two animal management systems, during the dry and wet seasons. Three treatments studied were: "vega" (milking cows grazing in the riverbanks), "leche" and "horro" (milking and dry cows, respectively, grazing in undulating lands), each with eight paddocks as replicates. A simple random sampling was done of treatments in 24 units (paddocks). Inventory of species was carried out adapting the methodology described by Jansson used to study cows' selectivity at different spatial scales. Species diversity was greater in the undulating lands than in the riverbanks. In the latter, Panicum maximum grass was the most common species. Botanic composition of herbaceous vegetation in vegas was different to of undulating lands, in dry season (p < 0.01) and wet season. The most frequent specie on the riverbanks was Asia grass (Panicum maximum).

 

|Abstract
= 90 veces | PDF
= 30 veces|

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aastum M. Forage selection by cattle in heterogeneous pastures in Nicaragua. Master Thesis, Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Trondheim, 2006. 43p.

Alonzo Y, Ibrahim M. Potential of silvopastoral system for economic dairy production in Cayo, Belize and constraints for their adoption. In: Ibrahim M. (Ed). Silvopastoral systems for restoration of degraded tropical pasture ecosystems. International Symposium on Silvopastoral System. San José, Costa Rica. 2001: 465-470.

Aráuz J. Relación entre parámetros edafológicos, manejo y procesos de degradación de pasturas en la subcuenca Compasagua, Muy Muy, Matagalpa, Nicaragua. Tesis de Maestría, CATIE, Turrialba. 2005.

Barker DJ, Caradus JR. Adaptation of forage species to drought. En: Proceedings 19 International Grassland Congress. Sao Paulo, Brazil. 2001. 241-246.

Camero A, Ibrahim M, Kass D. Improving rumen fermentation and milk production with legume-tree fodder in the tropics. Agroforestry Systems 2001; 51:157-166.

Casasola F. Productividad de los sistemas silvopastoriles en Moropotente, Estelí, Nicaragua. Tesis de Maestría, CATIE, Turrialba, 2000, 95p

CATIE/NORAD Proyecto “Desarrollo participativo de alternativas de uso sostenible de la tierra para pasturas degradadas en Centroamérica” Turrialba, 2002, 28 p.

Chávez A, Pérez A, Sánchez E. Intensidad de pastoreo y esquema de utilización en la selección de la dieta del ganado bovino durante la sequía. Rev Téc Pec 2000; 38:19-34.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) 2008. FAOSTAT. (Consultado en 01-05-2008).URL: http://faostat.fao.org

Goldstein, G y Sarmiento, G. 1987. Water relations of trees and grasses and their consequences for the structure of savanna vegetation. En: Determinants of tropical savannas. Walker, B.H (Ed). ICSUPress. Miami, US. p. 13-38.

Ibrahim M, Franco M, Pezo DA, Camero A, Araya JL. Promoting intake of Cratylia argentea as a dry season supplement for cattle grazing Hyparrhenia rufa in the sub humid tropics. Agroforestry Systems 2001; 51:167-175.

Jansson I. Hierarchical summer browsing by goats in the dry savanna of south-western Botswana. Minor Field Studies No. 165. Swedish Agricultural University. Uppsala. 2001, 28p.

Jarvis D, Hodgkin T. Farmer decision making and genetic diversity: linking multidisciplinary research to implementation on farm. In: Stephen, B (Ed). Genes in the field. On farm conservation of crop diversity. Rome 1999, IPGRI. p. 261-278.

Kaimowitz D. Livestock and deforestation. Central America in the 1980s and 1990s: A Policy Perspective. CIFOR, Jakarta, Indonesia1996; 88 p.

Kaimowitz D. Will livestock intensification help save Latin America’s Tropical Forest? In: Angelsen A, Kaimowitz D (Eds). Agricultural Technologies and tropical deforestation. Wallingford, UK. CABI Publishing. 2001.

Kanninen M. Sistemas silvopastoriles y almacenamiento de carbono: potencial para América Latina. In: Ibrahim M, Mora-Delgado J, Rosales M (Eds). Potencialidades de los sistemas silvopastoriles para la generación de servicios ambientales. Memórias, Roma, FAO. 2006. 200 p. URL: http://www.virtualcentre.org/es/enl/LEAD-FPI-ECONF-L.pdf

Lowry JB. Deciduous trees: a dry season feed resource in Australian tropical woodlands? Trop Grasslands (Australia) 1995; 29:13-17.

Ospina SD. Rasgos funcionales de las plantas herbáceas y arbustivas y su relación con el régimen de pastoreo y la fertilidad edáfica en Muy Muy, Nicaragua, Tesis de Maestría, CATIE, Turrialba, 2005, 88p.

Osuji PO, Odenyo AA. The role of legume forages as supplements to low quality roughages: ILRI experience. An Feed Sci Technol 1997; 69:27-38.

Pedroni L. Oportunidades y requisitos para el pago de servicios ambientales a proyectos de desarrollo limpio. In: Ibrahim M, Mora-Delgado J, Rosales M (Eds). Potencialidades de los Sistemas Silvopastoriles para la Generación de Servicios Ambientales. Memórias, Roma, FAO. 2006. 200 p. URL:200 p. URL: http://www.virtualcentre.org/es/enl/LEAD-FPI-ECONF-L.pdf

Pezo D, Ibrahim M. Sistemas silvopastoriles, una opción para el uso sostenible de la tierra en sistemas ganaderos. In Pastoreo intensivo en las zonas tropicales. I Foro Internacional FIRA/Banco de México. Veracruz 1996, 35 p.

Restrepo C. Relaciones entre la cobertura arbórea en potreros y la producción bovina en fincas ganaderas en el trópico seco, Cañas, Costa Rica. Tesis de Maestría, CATIE, Turrialba, 2002,102 p.

Sierra JO, Arcila A. La biodiversidad vegetal de las pasturas tropicales: elemento indispensable para una producción. Asociación Colombiana de Criadores de Ganado Cebú. Medellín 2002. p36-40.

Souza de Abreu MH. Contribution of trees to the control of heat stress in dairy cows and the financial viability of livestock farms in humid tropics. PhD Thesis, CATIE, Turrialba, 2002.

Szott L, Ibrahim M, Beer J. The hamburger connection hangover: cattle pasture, land degradation and alternative land use in Central America. CATIE Serie Técnica 2000.

ter Braak CJ, Šmilauer P. CANOCO. Reference manual and canodraw for Windows User’s guide: software for canonical community ordination (version 4.5). Microcomputer power, Ithaca, New York 2002, 500 p.

Velásquez RA. Selectividad animal de forrajes herbaceous y leñosos en pastures naturalizadas en función de épocas manejo y condición de paisaje en Muy Muy, Nicaragua. Tesis de Maestría, CATIE. Turrialba 2005, 77 p.

Villafuerte LE. Sistemas expertos como herramienta para toma de decisiones de manejo en sistemas silvopastoriles del trópico húmedo bajo de Costa Rica. Tesis de Maestría, CATIE. Turrialba 1998, 98 p.

Downloads

Published

2009-07-10

How to Cite

Velásquez Vélez, R., & Mora Delgado, J. (2009). Cobertura arbórea y herbácea en pasturas naturalizadas de fincas ganaderas del Trópico Seco de Nicaragua. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 21(4), 11. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.324329

Issue

Section

Original research articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Similar Articles

> >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.