Pelleting and sodium monensin increase milk CLA concentration from dairy cows fed flaxseed

  • Jakeline Vieira Romero University of Cuiabá
  • Francilaine Eloise De Marchi State University of Maringá
  • Claudete Regina Alcalde State University of Maringá
  • Ulysses Cecato State University of Maringá
  • Paula Adriana Grande State University of Maringá
  • Altair Antônio Valloto Paraná Holstein Breeders Association
  • Daniele Cristina Silva-Kazama Federal University of Santa Catarina
  • Geraldo Tadeu dos Santos State University of Maringá
Keywords: biohydrogenation, ionophore, linoleic acid, Linum usitatissimum, polyunsaturated fatty acids

Abstract

Background: Demand for naturally enriched foods is increasing worldwide. Animal nutrition allows incorporating nutraceutical molecules into milk. These molecules are intended for improving human health. Objective: To evaluate the effects of pelleting and monensin addition to the diet on intake, digestibility of dry matter (DM) and nutrients, milk yield and composition, and fatty acids (FA) profile in cows kept on pasture and supplemented with concentrate containing ground flaxseed (GF). Methods: Four Holstein cows were assigned to the following treatments: 1) concentrate with GF; 2) GF + 32.93 mg/Kg monensin (GFM); 3) GF pelleted (GFP); 4) GF pelleted + 32.93 mg/Kg monensin (FMP). Results: Treatments did not show effects on digestibility of dry matter (DM) and nutrients or feed intake, with the exception of ether extract intake, which was reduced by 28% with pelleting. Addition of monensin increased the conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) concentration by 47%. Pelleting increased the concentrations of CLA (70%), polyunsaturated FA (PUFA; 25%), and monounsaturated FA (MUFA; 16%), and reduced the concentrations of steric acid (C18) in 19% and total saturated FA (SFA; 14%). Conclusion: Pelleting and monensin does not alter feed intake and digestibility of DM and nutrients. Pelleting of concentrate feed containing flaxseed improves milk FA quality.

|Abstract
= 81 veces | PDF
= 68 veces|

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Jakeline Vieira Romero, University of Cuiabá

Zoot, PhD., Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cuiabá, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil.

Francilaine Eloise De Marchi, State University of Maringá

Zoot, PhD., Postgraduate in Zootechnics, Department of Zootechnics, State University of Maringá (UEM), Paraná, Brazil.

Claudete Regina Alcalde, State University of Maringá

Zoot, PhD., Postgraduate in Zootechnics, Department of Zootechnics, State University of Maringá (UEM), Paraná, Brazil.

Ulysses Cecato, State University of Maringá

Zoot, PhD., Postgraduate in Zootechnics, Department of Zootechnics, State University of Maringá (UEM), Paraná, Brazil.

Paula Adriana Grande, State University of Maringá

Zoot, PhD., Postgraduate in Zootechnics, Department of Zootechnics, State University of Maringá (UEM), Paraná, Brazil.

Altair Antônio Valloto, Paraná Holstein Breeders Association

MV, Sp., Paraná Holstein Breeders Association, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.

Daniele Cristina Silva-Kazama, Federal University of Santa Catarina

Zoot, PhD., Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Geraldo Tadeu dos Santos, State University of Maringá

VM, PhD., Postgraduate in Zootechnics, Department of Zootechnics, State University of Maringá (UEM), Paraná, Brazil.

References

Bergen WG, Bates DB. Ionophores: Their effect on production efficiency and mode of action. J Anim Sci 1984; 58:1465-1483.

Calder PC. Functional roles of fatty acids and their effects on human health. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2015; 39:18S-32S.

Casali AO, Detmann E, Valadares Filho SC, Pereira JC, Henriques LT, De Freitas SG, Paulino MF. Influência do tempo de incubação e do tamanho de partículas sobre os teores de compostos indigestíveis em alimentos e fezes bovinas obtidos por procedimentos in situ. Rev Bras Zootec 2008; 37:335-342.

Chilliard Y, Ferlay A, Mansbridge RM, Doreau M. Ruminant milk fat plasticity: Nutritional control of saturated, polyunsaturated, trans and conjugated fatty acids. Ann Zootech 2000; 49:181-205.

Cochran RC, Adams DC, Wallace JD, Galyean ML. Predicting digestibility of different diets with internal markers: Evaluation of four potential markers. J Anim Sci 1986; 63:1476-1483.

Chouinard PY, Lévesque J, Girard V, Brisson GJ. Dietary soybeans extruded at different temperatures: Milk composition and in situ fatty acid reactions. J Dairy Sci 1997;80: 2913-2924.

Corrêa LA, Santos PM. Manejo e utilização de plantas forrageiras dos gêneros Panicum, Brachiaria e Cynodon. São Carlos: Embrapa Pecuária Sudeste; 2003.

Crumb DJ, Vattem, DA. Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA)-An Overview. Intern J Appl Res Nat Produ 2011; 4:12-18.

Da Silva-Kazama DC, Cortes C, Kazama R, Benchaar C, Santos GT, Zeoula LM, Petit HV. Ruminal fermentation characteristics and fatty acid profile of ruminal fluid and milk of dairy cows fed flaxseed hulls supplemented with monensin. J Dairy Res 2011; 78:56-62.

Da Silva DC, Santos GT, Branco AF, Damasceno JC, Kazama R, Matsushita M, Horst JA, Santos WBR, Petit HV. Production performance and milk composition of dairy cows fed whole or ground flaxseed with or without monensin. J Dairy Sci 2007; 90:2928-2936.

Da Silva-Kazama DC, Santos GT, Pintro PTM, Visentainer JV, Kazama R, Petit HV, De Marchi FE. Effect of storage on fatty acid profile of butter from cows fed whole or ground flaxseed with or without monensin. Rev Bras Zootec 2010; 39:2297-2303.

De Marchi FE, Figueiroa FJF, Dos Santos GT, Dos Santos WBR, Da Silva-Kazama DC, Branco AF, Leite LC, Damasceno JC. Intake, digestibility and ruminal parameters of dairy cows fed pelleted diets and treated with lignosulfonate-containing sunflowerseeds. Rev Bras Zootec 2013; 42:656-663.

De Marchi FE, Romero JV, Damasceno JC, Grande PA, Zeoula LM, Dos Santos GT. Pelleting in associated with sodium monensin increases the conjugated linoleic acids concentration in the milk of dairy cows fed canola seeds. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 2015; 28:1095-1104.

Detmann E, Paulino MF, Zervoudakis JT, Valadares Filho SC, Euclydes RF, Lana RP. Queiroz, DS. Cromo e indicadores internos na determinação do consumo de novilhos mestiços, suplementados, a pasto.Rev Bras Zootec 2001;30:1600-1609.

Dos Santos WBR, Santos GT, Da Silva-Kazama DC, Cecato U, De Marchi FE, Visentainer JV, Petit HV. Production performance and milk composition of grazing dairy cows fed pelleted or non-pelleted concentrates treated with or without lignosulfonate and containing ground sunflower seeds. Anim Feed Sci Technol 2011; 169:167-175.

Fellner V, Sauer FD, Kramer JKG. Effect of nigericin, monensin, and tetronasin on biohydrogenation in continuous flow-through ruminal fermenters. J Dairy Sci 1997; 80:921-928.

Gómez-Cortés P, Bach A, Luna P, Juaréz M de la Fuente. Effects of extruded linseed supplementation on n-3 fatty acids and conjugated linoleic acid in milk and cheese from ewes. J Dairy Sci 2009; 92:4122-4134.

He M, Perfield KL, Green HB, Armentano LE. Effect of dietary fat blend enriched in oleic or linoleic acid and monensin supplementation on dairy cattle performance, milk fatty acid profiles, and milk fat depression. J Dairy Sci 2012; 95:1447-1461.

Ipharraguerre IR, Clark JH. Usefulness of ionophores for lactating dairy cows: A review. Anim Feed Sci Technol 2003; 106:39-57.

ISO-International Organization for Standardization. Animal and vegetable fats and oils: Preparation of methyl esters of fatty acids. Geneva, Switzerland, 1978, pp. 1-6.

Mensink RP. Effects of saturated fatty acids on serum lipids and lipoproteins: A systematic review and regression analysis. World Health Organization, ISBN: 978 92 4 156534 9, 2016, 63p.

NRC-National Research Council. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 7a Ed. Washington DC: National Academy Press; 2001.

Neves CA, Dos Santos WBR, Santos GT, Da Silva DC, Jobim CC, Santos FS, Visentainer JV, Petit HV. Production performance and milk composition of dairy cows fed extruded canola seeds treated with or without lignosulfonate. Anim Feed Sci Technol 2009; 154:83-92.

Petit HV, Côrtes C. Milk production and composition, milk fatty acid profile, and blood composition of dairy cows fed whole or ground flaxseed in the first half of lactation. Anim Feed Sci Technol 2010; 158:36-43.

Paris W, Tonion R, Martinello C, Sartor LR, De Paula FLM, De Oliveira JG. Productivity and nutritional value of African Star managed with different leaf blade mass. Acta Scientia. Anim Sci 2016; 38:31-36.

Petit HV, Côrtes C, Da Silva D, Kazama R, Gagnon N, Benchaar C, Dos Santos GT, Zeoula LM. The interaction of monensin and flaxseed hulls on ruminal and milk concentration of the mammalian lignan enterolactone in late-lactating dairy cows. J Dairy Res 2009; 76:475-482.

Phipps RH, Wilkinson JID, Jonker LJ, Tarrant M, Jones AK, Hodge A. Effect of monensin on milk production of holstein-friesian dairy cows. J Dairy Sci 2000; 83:2789-2794.

Possatti CD, Haddade IR, Kill JL, Haese D, Chambela N, Alberto S, Carla P, Rocha IA, Nascimento JVM do, Garcia WA. Monensina sódica sobre vacas em fase inicial de lactação: Produção de leite e peso vivo. Ciênc Rural 2015; 45: 92-97.

Pogliani FC, Birgel Junior E. Valores de referência do lipidograma de bovinos da raça holandesa, criados no Estado de São Paulo. Braz J Vet Res Anim Sci 2007; 44:373-383.

Russell JB, Strobel HJ. Effect of ionophores on ruminal fermentation. Appl Envir Microbiol 1989; 55:1-6.Statistical Analysis System, Version 9.0 (TS Level 00M0) by SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA. 2002.

Shingfield KJ, Bernard L, Leroux C, Chilliard Y. Role of trans fatty acids in the nutritional regulation of mammary lipogenesis in ruminants. Anim 2010; 4:1140-1166.

Sklan D, Ashkenazi R, Braun A, Devorin A, Taboru K. Fatty acids, calcium soaps of fatty acids and cottonseeds fed to high yielding cows. J Dairy Sci 1992; 75:2463- 2472.

Wang Q, Afshin A, Yakoob MY, Singh GM, Rehm CD, Khatibzadeh S, Micha R, Shi P, Mozaffarian D. Impact of nonoptimal intakes of saturated, polyunsaturated, and trans fat on global burdens of coronary heart disease. J Am Heart Assoc 2016; 5:1-23.

Ward AT, Wittenberg KM, Przybyiski R. Bovine milk fatty profile produced by feeding diets containing solin, flax and canola. J Dairy Sci 2002; 85:1191-1196.

Published
2018-06-20
How to Cite
Vieira Romero J., De Marchi F. E., Alcalde C. R., Cecato U., Grande P. A., Valloto A. A., Silva-Kazama D. C., & dos Santos G. T. (2018). Pelleting and sodium monensin increase milk CLA concentration from dairy cows fed flaxseed. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 31(2), 110-119. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v31n2a04
Section
Original research articles