Relationship between forage neutral detergent fiber and non-fibrous carbohydrates on ruminal fermentation products and neutral detergent fiber digestibility in goats


  • Ricardo M. A. Pinho Federal University of Viçosa
  • Edson M. Santos Federal University of Paraíba
  • Juliana S. de Oliveira Federal University of Paraíba
  • Gleidson G. P. de Carvalho Federal University of Bahia
  • Joyce P. Alves Federal University of Paraíba
  • Alberto J. da S. Macêdo Federal University of Campina Grande
  • Gildenia A. Pereira Federal University of Paraíba
  • Danilo M. Pereira Federal University of Paraíba
  • Alexandre F. Perazzo State University of Southwest Bahia
  • Anderson de M. Zanine Federal University of Maranhão



digestion, energy, microbial protein, physically effective fiber, rumen


Background: There is a comprehensive understanding of the role of dietary fiber as a nutrient and its function during digestion in cattle. On the other hand, the role of fiber digestion in goats has not received similar attention. Objective: To evaluate the effects of different ratios of forage neutral detergent fiber (fNDF) and non-fibrous carbohydrates (NFC) on ruminal fermentation products, and in vitro neutral detergent fiber (NDF) digestibility in goats. Methods: A 3 × 5 factorial arrangement in a completely randomized design with three fNDF levels (100, 190, and 290 g/kg) and five NFC levels (350, 400, 450, 500, and 550 g/kg) was used. The experiment was performed in vitro. Two ruminally fistulated goats were used as rumen liquid donors. Results: The ratios between fNDF and NFC affected all ruminal parameters (p<0.05). Increasing NFC levels in diets containing 100 and 290 g/kgfNDF resulted in linear increase (p<0.05) in ammonia concentration after 48 h fermentation. There was no adjustment of linear models (p>0.05) for pH values. Total volatile fatty acids (VFA) and their individual molar proportions were affected (p<0.05) at all fNDF and NFC levels. The NDF digestibility was not affected (p>0.05) by fNDF or NFC levels, except for diets containing 290 g/kg fNDF, which were fit to a quadratic model (p<0.05). Conclusion: The relationship between fNDF and NFC concentrations affect the fermentation end products and in vitro NDF digestibility. NFC plays a more consistent role than fNDF in the ruminal microbial ecosystem of goats during in vitro fermentation.

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Author Biographies

Ricardo M. A. Pinho, Federal University of Viçosa

Zoot, PhD, Department of Zootechnics, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Edson M. Santos, Federal University of Paraíba

Zoot, PhD., Department of Zootechnics, Federal University of Paraíba, Areia, Paraíba, Brazil.

Juliana S. de Oliveira, Federal University of Paraíba

Zoot, PhD, Departamento de Zootecnia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brasil.

Gleidson G. P. de Carvalho, Federal University of Bahia

Zoot, PhD., Department of Zootechnics, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.

Joyce P. Alves, Federal University of Paraíba

Zoot., Department of Zootechnics, Federal University of Paraíba, Areia, Paraíba, Brazil.

Alberto J. da S. Macêdo, Federal University of Campina Grande

Zoot., Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Campina Grande, Patos, Paraíba, Brazil.

Gildenia A. Pereira, Federal University of Paraíba

Zoot, MSc., Department of Zootechnics, Federal University of Paraíba, Areia, Paraíba, Brazil.

Danilo M. Pereira, Federal University of Paraíba

Zoot., Department of Zootechnics, Federal University of Paraíba, Areia, Paraíba, Brazil.

Alexandre F. Perazzo, State University of Southwest Bahia

AG, PhD., Scholarship holder DCR/FAPESB/CNPq, State University of Southwest Bahia, Itapetinga, Bahia, Brazil.

Anderson de M. Zanine, Federal University of Maranhão

Zoot, PhD., Department of Zootechnics, Federal University of Maranhão, Chapadinha, Maranhão, Brazil.


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How to Cite

Pinho, R. M. A., Santos, E. M., de Oliveira, J. S., de Carvalho, G. G. P., Alves, J. P., Macêdo, A. J. da S., Pereira, G. A., Pereira, D. M., Perazzo, A. F., & Zanine, A. de M. (2019). Relationship between forage neutral detergent fiber and non-fibrous carbohydrates on ruminal fermentation products and neutral detergent fiber digestibility in goats. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 32(2), 126–138.



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