Substitution of corn meal with dry brewer´s yeast in the diet of sheep


  • Ronaldo L Oliveira
  • Robson J F Oliveira
  • Leilson R Bezerra
  • Thiago V C Nascimento
  • Caius B de Pellegrini
  • Marcondes D de Freitas Neto
  • Nilton G do Nascimento Júnior
  • Wender F de Souza


alternative foods, behavior, byproducts, digestibility, intake


dry brewery residue can be an important tool for reducing the cost of concentrated feed for sheep. Objective: to evaluate the intake, digestibility and feeding behavior of sheep fed dry brewery residue. Methods: twenty lambs of undefined breed, with 30.33 ± 4.94 Kg body weight and seven months average age were used. Animals were fed diets containing 50% forage (Tifton-85 hay) and 50% concentrate. Treatments consisted of 0, 33, 66, and 100% corn meal substitution with dry brewery residue. Data were subjected to analysis of variance and regression analyses using a 5% significance level. Results: dry matter intake based on average body weight was 3.40% and showed no significant variation with the substitution level. Diet composition did not affect (p > 0.05) intake of crude protein, ether extract, ash, lignin and total digestible nutrients (71.26%). Substitution of corn meal with dry brewery residue did not affect nutrient digestibility (p > 0.05). Feeding behavior, time spent feeding and ruminating were not affected (p > 0.05) by the substitution; however, idling time was quadratically related to the percentage of dry brewery residue that was substituted for corn meal, with an inflection point at 41.58% replacement. Conclusion: dry brewery residue can replace up to 100% corn meal without negative effects on intake, digestibility or the feeding behavior of sheep.

= 148 veces | PDF
= 98 veces| | HTML
= 22 veces|


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Aguayo-Ulloa LA, Lama GCM, Pascual-Alonso M, Olleta JL, Villarroel M, Sañudo C, María GA.Effect of enriched housing on welfare production performance and meat quality in finishing lambs: the use of feeder ramps. Meat Sci 2014; 97(1):42-48.AOAC. Official method of analysis. 15th ed. Washington, DC, USA: Association of official analytical chemists; 1990.AOAC. Official methods of analysis. 12th ed. Arlington, VA, USA: Association of official analytical chemists; 2002.Borja MS, Oliveira RL, Ribeiro CVDM, Bagaldo AR, Carvalho GGP, Silva TM, Lima LS, Barbosa LP. Effects of feeding licury (Syagrus coronate) cake to growing goats. Asian-Austra J Anim Sci 2010; 3:1436-1444.Brody S. Bioenergetics and growth. New York: Reinhold. p. 1.023; 1945. Brochier MA, Carvalho S. Feed intake, weight gain and economical analysis of feedlot finished lambs fed diets with different proportions of wet brewery residue. Arq Bras Med Vet Zootec 2008; 60(5):1205-1212. Cabral LS, Valadares Filho SC, Detmann E, Zervoudakis JT, Pereira OG, Veloso RG. Chemical composition, gas production, in vitro dry matter digestibility and TDN estimate of sorghum silage with different panicle proportions. Rev Bras Zootecn 2003; 32(5):1250-1258. Castro-Pérez BI, Estrada-Angulo A, Ríos FG, Dávila-Ramos H, Robles-Estrada JC, Contreras-Pérez G, Calderón-Cortés JF, López-Soto MA, Barreras A, Plascencia A. Effects of replacing partially dry-rolled corn and soybean meal with different levels of dried distillers grains with solubles on growth performance, dietary energetics, and carcass characteristics in hairy lambs fed a finishing diet. Small Ruminant Res 2014; 119(1-3):8-15.Geron LJV, Zeoula LM, Erkel JÁ, Prado IN, Jonker RC, Guimarães KC. Digestibility coefficient and ruminal characteristics of cattle fed ration containing brewer grains. Rev Bras Zootecn 2008; 37(9):1685-1695. Gilaverte S, Susin I, Pires AV, Ferreira EM, Mendes CQ, Gentil RS, Bieh MV, Rodrigues GH. Diet digestibility, ruminal parameters and performance of Santa Ines sheep fed dried citrus pulp and wet brewer grain. Rev Bras Zootecn 2011; 40(3):639-647. Goering HK, Van Soest PJ. Forage fiber analyses (apparatus, reagents, procedures, and some applications). Washington, DC: U.S. Agricultural Research Service; 1970. Johnson TR, Combs DK. Effects of pre-partum diet, inert rumen bulk, and dietary polyethylene glycol on dry matter intake of lactating dairy cows. J Dairy Sci 1991; 74(3):933-944. Martins SC, Rocha Júnior VR, Caldeira LA, Barros IC, Silva GWV, Costa MD, Palma MNN, Souza AS. Ingestive behavior of crossbred cows fed with different forages. Rev Bras Cienc Vet 2012; 19(1):13-20. Mizubuti IY, Ribeiro ELA, Pereira ES, Peixoto ELT, Moura ES, Prado OPP, Bumbieris Junior VH, Silva LDF, Cruz JMC. Ruminal degradation kinetics of protein foods by in vitro gas production technique. Semi Cienc Agrar 2014; 35(1):555-566.Moreira MN, Silva AMA, Carneiro H, Bezerra LR, Morais RKO, Medeiros FF. In vitro degradability and total gas production of biodiesel chain byproducts used as a replacement for cane sugar feed. Acta Scienti Animal Sci 2014; 36:399-403. NRC National Research Council. Nutrient of requirements of dairy cattle. Washington D.C (US): National Academic Press; 2001.NRC National Research Council. Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants: Sheep, Goats, Cervids, and New World Camelids. Washington, D.C. (US): National Academy of Science; 2007.

Pereira JC, Carro MD, González J, Alvir MR, Rodrı́guez CA. Rumen degradability and intestinal digestibility of brewer’s grains as affected by origin and heat treatment and of barley rootlests. Anim Feed Sci Technol 1998; 74:107-121. Ribeiro RDX, Oliveira RL, Macome FM, Bagaldo AR, Silva MCA, Ribeiro CVDM, Carvalho GGP, Lanna DPD. Meat quality of lambs fed on palm kernel meal, a by-product of biodiesel production. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 2011; 24:1399-1406.Sniffen CJ, O’connor JD, Van Soest PJ, Fox DG, Russell JB. A net carbohydrate and protein system for evaluating cattle diets. II - Carbohydrate and protein availability. J Anim Sci 1992; 70:3562-3577.Statistical Analysis System Institute. SAS® version 8.2. SAS/STAT user’s guide, SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC, USA. 1999.Sun Y, Oba M. Effects of feeding a high-fiber byproduct feedstuff as a substitute for barley grain on rumen fermentation and productivity of dairy cows in early lactation. J Dairy Sci 2014; 97(3):1594–1602.Torreao JNC, Marques CAT, Bezerra LR, Araujo MJ, Gottardi FP, Rocha AM, Oliveira RL, Souza Junior EL. Concentrate supplementation during pregnancy and lactation of ewes affects the growth rate of lambs from a variety of crosses. R Bras Zootec 2014; 43: 544-550. Van Soest PJ, Robertson JB, Lewis BA. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J Dairy Sci 1991; 74:3583-3597.Wang B, Luo Y, Myung KH, Liu JX.Effects of storage duration and temperature on the chemical composition, microorganism density, and in vitro rumen fermentation of wet brewers grains. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 2014; 27(6):832-840.




How to Cite

Oliveira, R. L., Oliveira, R. J. F., Bezerra, L. R., Nascimento, T. V. C., de Pellegrini, C. B., de Freitas Neto, M. D., do Nascimento Júnior, N. G., & de Souza, W. F. (2016). Substitution of corn meal with dry brewer´s yeast in the diet of sheep. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 29(2), 99–107. Retrieved from



Original research articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Similar Articles

> >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.