Relación entre la flexibilidad de los isquiotibiales y la fuerza del soleo con el salto y la velocidad en jugadores de ultimate frisbee

Palabras clave: salto contragravedad, test de Wells, fuerza máxima, desaceleración, ultimate frisbee, deportistas universitarios

Resumen

Problema: la reducción de la flexibilidad de los isquiotibiales es común en adolescentes, asociándose con dolor lumbar, hernia de disco y riesgo de lesiones musculares. El ultimate frisbee implica aceleraciones y desaceleraciones en cortas distancias. Los antecedentes reportan lesiones en miembros inferiores, sin correlacionarlas con patrones de movimiento como fuerza, velocidad o salto. Objetivo: determinar la relación entre la flexibilidad de los isquiotibiales y la fuerza del soleo, con el salto y la velocidad en jugadores de ultimate frisbee. Método: estudio descriptivo, correlacional, con 103 deportistas universitarios de Medellín, Colombia. La información se recolectó mediante encuesta y observación. Se evaluó la flexibilidad, la velocidad y el salto. Los datos se analizaron con SPSS, versión 24.0. Resultados: la flexibilidad de los isquiotibiales se correlacionó positivamente con la velocidad, pero inversamente con el salto. Conclusión: a mayor flexibilidad de los isquiotibiales, mayor desarrollo de velocidad, pero menor capacidad de salto.

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Biografía del autor/a

German Alberto Rincón Rey, Universidad Autónoma de Manizales

Máster en Actividad Física y Deporte, Universidad Autónoma de Manizales.

Santiago Cadavid Escobar, Universidad Autónoma de Manizales

Fisioterapeuta, Fundación Universitaria María Cano. Máster en Actividad Física y Deporte, Universidad Autónoma de Manizales.

Citas

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Publicado
2019-11-26
Cómo citar
Rincón Rey G. A., & Cadavid Escobar S. (2019). Relación entre la flexibilidad de los isquiotibiales y la fuerza del soleo con el salto y la velocidad en jugadores de ultimate frisbee. Educación Física Y Deporte, 36(2), 245-263. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.efyd.v36n2a05
Sección
Artículos de Investigación