Voluntariness, Decision and Responsibility
Keywords:voluntariness, unvoluntariness, decision, action, responsability
The concepts of voluntariness and decision which are dealt with in the “Nicomaquean Ethics” of Aristotle are a source to consider under what conditions responsibility of a certain action can be attributed to a person. As a first condition for such attribution, the action cannot be made involuntarily (akô), because in such a case the person acts through ignorance or coercion. Thus it is evident that responsibility is appropriate only in the case of a voluntary action (hekôn), where a decision was made between two or more options. Therefore in this study there is a valuation and a determination of the concept of “deci- sion”, that is, a deliberation that leads to a determination or to a judgment (Krisis), in which only what is in one`s power to realize is deliberated upon. So the decision, given under a voluntary consideration, bases action and action becomes a responsibility of the person that has chosen.
AUSTIN, J. L. “A Plea for Excuses”, en: Philosophical Papers, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1961.
CHARLES, D. “Aristotle: Ontology and Moral Reasoning”, en: Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 4, Oxford, 1986, pp.119- 144.
HUME, D. An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals, Appendix IV.
HURSTHOUSE, R. “Acting and Feeling in Character: Nichomachean Ethics 3.i”, en: Phronesis Assen, Vol. 29, No 3, 1984, pp. 252-266.
IRWIN, T. “Aristotle’s on Reason, Desire and Virtue”, en: Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 72, 1975, pp. 567-578.
IRWIN, T. “Reason and Responsibility in Aristotle”, en: Amélie Rorty (Hrsg.) Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics, Berkeley, 1980, pp.117- 155.
KENNY, A. Aristotle’s Theory of the Will, London, Duckworth, 1979.
KUHN, H.“Der Begriff der Prohairesis in der Nikomachischen Ethik”, en: Die Gegenwart der Griechen im neueren Denken, Festschrift für H. G. Gadamer, Tübingen, 1960, pp. 123-140.
LOENING, R. Die Zurechnungslehre des Aristoteles, Jena, 1903 (Repr. Olms, Hildesheim, 1967).
MOLINE, J. N. “Aristotle on Praise and Blame”, en: Archiv fur Geschichte der Philosophie, Vol. 71, No 3, 1989, pp.283-302.
SAUVÉ MÉyEr, S. Aristotle on Moral Responsibility. Character and Cause, Oxford, 1993.
SCHOPENHAUER, A. Die beiden Grundplobleme der Ethik, en: Sämtliche Werke (SW), Vol. 3. Ed. de Wolfgang Frhr. von Löhney- sen. Suhrkamp, Frankfurt a. M., 1994.
SORABJI, R. Necessity, Cause and Blame. Duckworth and Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 1980.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. The Author retains copyright in the Work, where the term "Work" shall include all digital objects that may result in subsequent electronic publication or distribution.
2. Upon acceptance of the Work, the author shall grant to the Publisher the right of first publication of the Work.
3. The Author shall grant to the Publisher a nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoCommercia-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0), or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions: (a) Attribution: Other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;(b) Noncommercial: Other users (including Publisher) may not use this Work for commercial purposes;
4. The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal;
5. Authors are permitted, and Estudios de Filosofía promotes, to post online the preprint manuscript of the Work in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see The Effect of Open Access). Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work is expected be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Estudios de Filosofía's assigned URL to the Article and its final published version in Estudios de Filosofía.