Pluralistic Criticism and Philosophy of Art in A. C. Danto
Keywords:being and meaning, aesthetic purism, art and interpretation, critique of art, art and society
The article shows the Art Criticism that A. C. Danto practices as a model example in an age marked by the tension between globalization and multiculturalism. In the first place the relation between Art Criticism and Philosophy of Art is approached, since these two are inseparable aspects of Danto's work: Duchamp introduced Philosophical Reflection at the heart of Artistic Discourse, and Danto responds to this situation as a philosopher and as a critic. Art is a way of thinking for Danto, and the experience of art is made up of an articulating thought with thought. This position conflicts with the purely aesthetic and purely sensible response that Formalism has cultivated reducing the work of art to an aesthetic object. In the second place, three tasks of criticism are described: 1) The description of the meaning of the work of art and how it incarnates it. 2) The compromise of criticism with the general reader and not with the well-read. 3) The independence and the ethic solvency of the critic. Art is not a demand made by globalization as such but is instead a fundamental necessity of human subjectivity; Danto's critique of art pretends to turn the experience of art into a contribution to learn to live in a world that respects pluralism.
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