Cien años de la conciencia: “una larga formación en el absurdo”

Palabras clave: conciencia, conductismo, materialismo, fisicalismo, eliminativismo, ilusionismo

Resumen

Uno de los episodios más notables en la historia del pensamiento humano ocurrió en el siglo XX. Varios pensadores negaron la existencia de algo que sabemos con certeza que existe: la conciencia o la experiencia consciente. Otros, aunque se contuvieron de llegar al punto de la Negación —como podemos llamarlo—, afirmaron que podría ser cierta —una tesis no menos notable que la Negación. Este texto documenta algunos aspectos de este episodio, con particular referencia a dos cosas. En primer lugar, el desarrollo de dos puntos de vista que son formas de la Negación —el conductismo filosófico y el funcionalismo en la filosofía de la mente— a partir de una perspectiva que no implica de ninguna manera la Negación: el conductismo psicológico metodológico. En segundo lugar, el surgimiento de una forma de entender el naturalismo —el naturalismo materialista o fisicalista— que interpreta erróneamente que el naturalismo implica la Negación.

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Biografía del autor/a

Galen Strawson, Universidad de Texas

Galen Strawson se desempeñó como profesor en la Universidad de Oxford de 1979 a 2000, y en la Universidad de Reading de 2001 a 2012. Actualmente ocupa el cargo de profesor de filosofía en la Universidad de Texas en Austin. Sus libros incluyen Freedom and Belief (1986), The Secret Connexion: Realism, Causation, and David Hume (1989), Mental Reality (1994), Selves (2009), Locke on personal identity: Consciousness and Concernment (2011), The Evident Connexion: Hume on personal identity (2011) y The Subject of Experience (2017).

Citas

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Publicado
2019-01-18
Cómo citar
Strawson G. (2019). Cien años de la conciencia: “una larga formación en el absurdo”. Estudios De Filosofía, (59), 9-43. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.ef.n59a02
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