The sources of scepticism




belief, closure, epistemological disjunctivism, hinge commitments, knowledge, perception, scepticism, underdetermination, Wittgenstein


It is claimed that the radical sceptical problem that is the focus of much of contemporary epistemological discussion in fact divides into two logically distinct subproblems —a formulation that turns on the closure principle, and a second formulation which turns on the underdetermination principle. The Wittgensteinian account of the structure of rational evaluation is set out, and it is shown how this proposal —at least when properly formulated—can deal with closure-based radical scepticism. It is also claimed, however, that this account fails to gain any purchase on underdetermination-based radical scepticism. The antidote to this latter form of radical scepticism lies elsewhere—with, it is suggested, epistemological disjunctivism.

= 526 veces | PDF (ESPAÑOL (ESPAÑA))
= 401 veces| | VISOR (ESPAÑOL (ESPAÑA))
= 0 veces|


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Duncan Pritchard, Universidad de Edimburgo/University of California

Profesor distinguido de filosofía en la Universidad de Califonia, Irvine, y profesor de filosofía y director del Eidyn Research Center en la Universidad de Edimburgo. Trabaja principalmente epistemología y ha publicado los siguientes libros sobre este tema: Epistemic Luck (2005), The nature and value of knowledge (2010, en co-autoría), Epistemological Disjunctivism (2012) y Epistemic Angst (2015).

Vicente Raga Rosaleny, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Doctor en Filosofía por la Universidad de Valencia (2010). Posdoctorado del Ministerio de Educación español realizado en Rutgers. The State University of New Jersey (2012) bajo la dirección de Ernest Sosa. Profesor del Departamento de Filosofía de la Universidad Nacional desde 2019 y anteriormente profesor en las Universidades de Antioquia y de Cartagena en Colombia. Perteneciente al Grupo de Investigación Conocimiento, Filosofía, Ciencia, Historia y Sociedad. Ha publicado una treintena de artículos, varios capítulos de libro, co- editado dos libros, traducido cuatro volúmenes y publicado dos libros: Escepticismo y modernidad. Una relectura del pensar escéptico en Michel de Montaigne (2016), en la Editorial de la Universidad de Antioquia y Problemas de la teoría del conocimiento. Una introducción a la epistemología contemporánea (2017), manual publicado por la misma editorial universitaria.


Austin, J. L. (1961). Other Minds, En: J. O. Urmson & G. J. Warnock (Eds.), Philosophical Papers (pp. 76-116). Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Bach, K. (1985). A Rationale for Reliabilism. The Monist, 68, 246-63.

Brueckner, A. (1994). The Structure of the Skeptical Argument. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 54, 827-35.

Byrne, A. (2004). How Hard are the Sceptical Paradoxes? Noûs, 38, 299-325.

Cassam, Q. (2007). The Possibility of Knowledge. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cohen, S. (1984). Justification and Truth. Philosophical Studies, 46, 279-96.

Cohen, S. (1998). Two Kinds of Sceptical Argument. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 58, 14359.

Coliva, A. (2010). Moore and Wittgenstein: Scepticism, Certainty, and Common Sense. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Coliva, A. (2015). Extended Rationality: A Hinge Epistemology. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Davidson, D. (1983). A Coherence Theory of Truth and Knowledge. En D. Henrich (Ed.), Kant oder Hegel? (pp. 428-38). Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta.

Dretske, F. (1970). Epistemic Operators. Journal of Philosophy, 67, 1007-23.

Dretske, F. (2005a). The Case Against Closure. En E. Sosa & M. Steup (Eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology (pp. 13-26). Oxford: Blackwell.

Dretske, F. (2005b). Reply to Hawthorne. En E. Sosa & M. Steup (Eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology (pp. 43-6). Oxford: Blackwell.

Engel, M. (1992). Personal and Doxastic Justification. Philosophical Studies, 67, 133-51.

Hawthorne, J. (2005). The Case for Closure. En E. Sosa & M. Steup (Eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology (pp. 26-43). Oxford: Blackwell.

Kienzler, W. (2006). Wittgenstein and John Henry Newman On Certainty. Grazer Philosophische Studien, 71, 117-38.

Lehrer, K., & Cohen, S. (1983). Justification, Truth, and Coherence. Synthese, 55, 191-207.

Littlejohn, C. (2009). The New Evil Demon Problem. En B. Dowden & J. Fieser (Eds.), Internet Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. Disponible en:

Littlejohn, C. (2012). Justification and the Truth-Connection. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

McDowell, J. (1995). Knowledge and the Internal. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 55, 877-93.

McGinn, M. (1989). Sense and Certainty: A Dissolution of Scepticism. Blackwell: Oxford.

Moyal-Sharrock, D. (2004). Understanding Wittgenstein’s On Certainty. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Newman, J. H. (1979 [1870]). An Essay in Aid of a Grammar of Assent. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press.

Neta, R., & Pritchard, D. H. (2007). McDowell and the New Evil Genius. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 74, 381-96.

Nozick, R. (1981). Philosophical Explanations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Pritchard, D. H. (2002). Recent Work on Radical Skepticism. American Philosophical Quarterly, 39, 215-57.

Pritchard, D. H. (2005a). Epistemic Luck. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Pritchard, D. H. (2005b). The Structure of Sceptical Arguments. Philosophical Quarterly, 55, 37-52.

Pritchard, D. H. (2005c). Wittgenstein’s On Certainty and Contemporary Anti-Scepticism. En D. Moyal-Sharrock & W. H. Brenner (Eds.), Investigating On Certainty: Essays on Wittgenstein’s Last Work (pp. 189-224). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Pritchard, D. H. (2008). McDowellian Neo-Mooreanism. En A. Haddock & F. Macpherson (Eds.), Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge (pp. 283-310). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Pritchard, D. H. (2010). Epistemic Relativism, Epistemic Incommensurability and Wittgensteinian Epistemology. En S. Hales (Ed.), Blackwell Companion to Relativism. Oxford: Blackwell.

Pritchard, D. H. (2011). Wittgenstein on Scepticism. En O. Kuusela & M. McGinn (Eds.), Oxford Handbook on Wittgenstein (pp. 521-47). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Pritchard, D. H. (2012a). Epistemological Disjunctivism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Pritchard, D. H. (2012b). Wittgenstein and the Groundlessness of Our Believing. Synthese, 189, 255-72.

Pritchard, D. H. (2013). Davidson on Radical Skepticism. En E. LePore & K. Ludwig (Eds.), Blackwell Companion to Donald Davidson. Oxford: Blackwell.

Pritchard, D. H. (2014a). Entitlement and the Groundlessness of Our Believing. En D. Dodd & E. Zardini (Eds.), Contemporary Perspectives on Scepticism and Perceptual Justification, ch. 10. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Pritchard, D. H. (2014b). Sceptical Intuitions. En D. Rowbottom & T. Booth (Eds.), Intuitions (pp. 213-31). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Pritchard, D. H. (2015a). Epistemic Angst: Radical Scepticism and the Groundlessness of Our Believing. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Pritchard, D. H. (2015b). Wittgenstein on Hinges and Radical Scepticism in On Certainty. En H.-J. Glock & J. Hyman (Eds.), Blackwell Companion to Wittgenstein. Oxford: Blackwell.

Pritchard, D. H. (2015c). Wittgenstein on Faith and Reason: The In uence of Newman. En M. Szatkowski (Ed.), God, Truth and Other Enigmas. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

Schönbaumsfeld, G. (2015). The Illusion of Doubt. Manuscrito no publicado.

Stevenson, L. (2002). Six Levels of Mentality. Philosophical Explorations, 5, 105-24.

Strawson, P. F. (1985). Skepticism and Naturalism: Some Varieties. New York: Columbia University Press.

Stroud. B. (1984). The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Vogel, J. (1990). Cartesian Skepticism and Inference to the Best Explanation. Journal of Philosophy, 87, 658-66.

Vogel, J. (2004). Skeptical Arguments. Philosophical Issues, 14, 426-455.

Vogel, J. (2007). Why (Wittgensteinian) Contextualism is not Relativism. Episteme, 4, 93-114.

Williams, M. (1991). Unnatural Doubts: Epistemological Realism and the Basis of Scepticism. Oxford: Blackwell.

Wittgenstein, L. (1988). Sobre la certeza, Barcelona: Gedisa.

Wright, C. J. G. (2004). Warrant for Nothing (and Foundations for Free)? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society (supp. vol.), 78, 167-212.

Yalçin, Ü. (1992). Sceptical Arguments from Underdetermination. Philosophical Studies, 68, 1-34.



How to Cite

Pritchard, D., & Raga Rosaleny, V. (2019). The sources of scepticism. Estudios De Filosofía, (60), 239–266.

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.