Dialectic of the slave in the Laws of Plato

Keywords: Plato, Slavery, Laws, Power relations, Ancient Greece

Abstract

The acceptance of slavery is one of the issues where Antiquity shows a greater lag in relation to the contemporary world; this is often adduced to criticize Greek philosophy. This paper examines the extent to which Plato’s thought in Laws can fall under or escape this imputation. It is suggested that we can find in the author a dialectic of the slave, which consists in maintaining, on the one hand, the function of slavery within the proposed social and political structure, while, on the other hand, the existence of the slave as such is questioned. Thus, it is first made a general presentation of slavery in the Laws and of the role that this institution plays in the philosophical understanding of the dialogue itself, and then a careful examination of the central passage of 6.777d5-7 is carried out. It is concluded that although, in a historical key, Plato fails to avoid the tension of this dialectic, in a philosophical key he offers its resolution in the doings of the truly just person.

|Abstract
= 450 veces | PDF (ESPAÑOL (ESPAÑA))
= 259 veces| HTML (ESPAÑOL (ESPAÑA))
= 4 veces|

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Alfonso Flórez, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana

Trabaja en el pensamiento de Platón, dentro de un abordaje dramátológico de los diálogos y con particular atención a sus fuentes literarias. Como producto de ello ha publicado diversos artículos y el libro Platón y Homero: Diálogo entre filosofía y poesía (2019).

References

Altman, W. (2016). The Guardians on Trial. The Reading Order of Plato’s Dialogues from Euthyphro to Phaedo. Lexington.

Annas, J. (2010). Virtue and Law in Plato. En C. Bobonich, (Ed.), Plato’s Laws. A Critical Guide (pp. 71-91). Cambridge University Press.

Bobonich, C. (Ed.). (2010). Plato’s Laws. A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press.

England, E. B. (Ed.). (1921). The Laws of Plato, T. 1: 1-6, T. 2: 7-12. Manchester University Press.

Flórez, A. (2012). Moneda y esencia. Una reflexión sobre economía y metafísica en la República de Platón. Ideas y Valores, 61, 143-154.

Homero. (1982). Odisea. (J. M. Pabón, trad.). Gredos.

Knoll, M. (2013). Der Status der Bürger, der Frauen, der Fremden und der Sklaven in Magnesia. En C. Horn (Ed.). Platon. Gesetze–Nomoi (pp. 143-164). Akademie. https://doi.org/10.1524/9783050064482.143

Labarbe, J. (1949). L’Homère de Platon. Les Belles Lettres.

Lohse, G. (1964), (1965), (1967). Untersuchungen über Homerzitate bei Platon. Helikon. Rivista di Tradizione e Cultura Classica dell’Università di Messina, 4, 3-28; 5, 248-295; 7, 223-231.

Mintz, A. I. (2010). Chalepa Ta Kala, Fine Things are Difficult: Socrates’ Insights into the Psychology of Teaching and Learning. Studies in Philosophy and Education, 29, 287-299. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11217-010-9178-7

Morrow, G. R. (1939). Plato and Greek Slavery. Mind, 48, 186-201. https://doi.org/10.1093/mind/XLVIII.190.186

Morrow, G. R. (1993). Plato’s Cretan City: A Historical Interpretation of the Laws. Princeton University Press.

Platón. (1980). The Laws of Plato. (T. L. Pangle, trad.). The University of Chicago Press.

Platón. (1981). Diálogos, 1: Hipias Mayor. (J. Calonge, trad.). Gredos.

Platón. (1983). Diálogos, 2: Crátilo. (J. L. Calvo, trad.). Gredos.

Platón. (1999). Diálogos, 8-9: Leyes. (F. Lisi, trad.). Gredos.

Platón. (2005). La defensa de Sócrates. Comentario filosófico y traducción española del texto de Platón. (M. García-Baró, trad.). Sígueme.

Platón. (2006). Platon. Les Lois. T. 1: 1-6, T. 2: 7-12. (L. Brisson y J.-F. Pradeau, trads.). Flammarion.

Platón. (2006). República. (J. M. Pabón y M. Fernández-Galiano, Eds., trads.). Centro de Estudios Políticos y Constitucionales.

Prauscello, L. (2014). Performing Citizenship in Plato’s Laws. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139680882

Saunders, T. J. (1991). Plato’s Penal Code. Oxford University Press.

Schöpsdau, K. (1994), (2003), (2011). Platon Werke. Nomoi (Gesetze). T. 1: 1-3; T. 2: 4-7; T. 3: 8-12. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Stalley, R. F. (1983). An Introduction to Plato’s Laws. Hackett.

West, M. L. (Ed.). (2017). Homerus, Odyssea. Walter de Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110420234-005

Published
2021-01-29
How to Cite
FlórezA. (2021). Dialectic of the slave in the Laws of Plato. Estudios De Filosofía, (63), 5-23. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.ef.n63a01
Section
Original or Research articles