Transición epitelial-mesenquimal en la progresión del adenocarcinoma prostático

  • Inés Benedetti Universidad de Cartagena
  • Niradiz Reyes Universidad de Cartagena
Palabras clave: Transición epitelial-mesenquimal, Adhesión Celular, Metástasis, Adenocarcinoma Prostático

Resumen

Mundialmente, el adenocarcinoma prostático es el segundo cáncer diagnosticado en hombres y las metástasis son su principal complicación; se ha descrito la participación en su desarrollo de la transición epitelial-mesenquimal (TEM) proceso fundamental durante el desarrollo embrionario, la remodelación tisular y la cicatrización, que implica pérdida de las propiedades adhesivas y la polaridad epitelial y adquisición del fenotipo mesenquimal que aumenta la movilidad celular individual y permite el desarrollo de características invasivas. Este cambio en el comportamiento celular es mediado por una regulación molecular compleja en la que participa un gran número de vías de señalización, algunas actuando en forma independiente y otras interconectadas; la mayoría converge en el control de la expresión de la E-cadherina, cuya subregulación es el evento molecular clave en este proceso. Diversos estudios señalan una relación estrecha entre la TEM y el desarrollo y progresión de metástasis en carcinomas, pero ha sido menos ampliamente estudiada en el adenocarcinoma prostático. Los objetivos de esta revisión fueron: describir las bases moleculares y morfológicas de este proceso biológico y analizar la influencia de sus reguladores en la adquisición del fenotipo agresivo por las células tumorales, específicamente en lo que tiene que ver con la progresión del adenocarcinoma prostático. 

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Biografía del autor/a

Inés Benedetti, Universidad de Cartagena

MD. Patóloga. Grupo de Histopatología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Cartagena, Colombia.

Niradiz Reyes, Universidad de Cartagena

PhD. Grupo de Genética y Biología Molecular, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Cartagena, Colombia.

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Publicado
2015-09-23
Cómo citar
1.
Benedetti I, Reyes N. Transición epitelial-mesenquimal en la progresión del adenocarcinoma prostático. Iatreia [Internet]. 23 de septiembre de 2015 [citado 20 de junio de 2021];28(4):420-33. Disponible en: https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/iatreia/article/view/20574
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