Cigarrillos Electrónicos y vaping en adolescentes: estado del arte

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.iatreia.240

Palabras clave:

Asma, Cigarrillo Electrónico a Vapor, Lesión Pulmonar, Medicina del Adolescente, Vapeo

Resumen

Los cigarrillos electrónicos (CE) hacen parte de los sistemas electrónicos dispensadores de nicotina (ENDS, por sus siglas en inglés de electronic nicotine delivery systems), fabricados con características que simulan los cigarrillos convencionales (CC). Estos dispositivos calientan una solución líquida con sabores, nicotina o tetrahidrocanabinol para crear un aerosol, que se inhala; esto ha generado gran interés entre adolescentes desde edades muy tempranas, con aumento en la incidencia del consumo y desconocimiento de sus efectos, por campañas publicitarias que muestran los CE como inocuos.
Los CE generan compromiso pulmonar, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, neurológico, tegumentario, entre otros; con diferentes grados de afección desde leves hasta la muerte.
La enfermedad pulmonar asociada al CE o productos del vapeo (EVALI, por sus siglas en inglés) se empezó a reportar desde el año 2017, y el aumento de casos de EVALI en Estados Unidos generó la emisión de numerosos avisos. Desde salud pública se han generado restricciones en algunos países sobre la venta de ciertos tipos de productos de CE o vapeo, sin lograr controlar el consumo entre los adolescentes.
Para el pediatra o el médico de atención primaria es indispensable conocer las implicaciones de vapeo, para realizar acciones de prevención y tratamiento oportunos.

 

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Biografía del autor/a

Silvia J Galvis-Blanco, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia

Residente de pediatría III año, Universidad de Antioquia. Medellín.

Olga Lucía Morales-Múnera, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia

Pediatra neumóloga, Docente. Departamento de Pediatría y Puericultura. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Antioquia. Hospital San Vicente Fundación. Fundación Clínica Noel.

Martha Cuellar-Santaella, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia

Pediatra neumóloga, Docente. Departamento de Pediatría y Puericultura. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Antioquia. Clínica SOMER. Fundación Clínica Noel, Hospital General de Medellín.

Mariana Mira-Morales, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia

Estudiante de Bioingeniería. Universidad de Antioquia. Medellín.

Stephanie Sánchez-Villa, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia

Pediatra. Universidad de Antioquia. Medellín.

Citas

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20-11-2023

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1.
Galvis-Blanco SJ, Morales-Múnera OL, Cuellar-Santaella M, Mira-Morales M, Sánchez-Villa S. Cigarrillos Electrónicos y vaping en adolescentes: estado del arte. Iatreia [Internet]. 20 de noviembre de 2023 [citado 3 de marzo de 2024];1(1). Disponible en: https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/iatreia/article/view/352817

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