Déficit de vitamina B12 en la práctica psiquiátrica

Autores/as

  • Cristian David Vargas-Upegui Universidad de Antioquia. Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana.
  • Brian Daniel Noreña-Rengifo Universidad de Antioquia.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.iatreia.v30n4a04

Palabras clave:

Cianocobalamina, Demencia, Depresión, Hipovitaminosis, Vitamina B12

Resumen


Es común la solicitud de los niveles de vitamina B12 en pacientes evaluados por psiquiatría y específicamente en las unidades de pacientes agudos, pero, a pesar de la creciente literatura disponible sobre la correlación entre esta hipovitaminosis y los síntomas neuropsiquiátricos, aún existen muchas dudas sobre los grupos poblacionales de riesgo que se deben tamizar, el tipo de examen que se debe solicitar, la forma de hacer el tratamiento y la utilidad real de la reposición vitamínica en la resolución de los síntomas afectivos, cognitivos o psicóticos. Este artículo es una revisión narrativa de la literatura disponible con el objetivo de poder evaluar de forma crítica los interrogantes teóricos y prácticos más relevantes para el psiquiatra actual, con énfasis en la evidencia sobre la correlación entre niveles bajos de vitamina B12 y déficit cognitivo, depresión y algunos trastornos psicóticos.

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Biografía del autor/a

Cristian David Vargas-Upegui, Universidad de Antioquia. Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana.

Médico Psiquiatra, Universidad de Antioquia. MSc. (c) en terapias de tercera generación, Universidad Internacional de Valencia. Docente de la Universidad de Antioquia- Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. Grupo de Investigación en Psiquiatría GIPSI.

Brian Daniel Noreña-Rengifo, Universidad de Antioquia.

Residente Radiología, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Citas

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2017-10-02

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1.
Vargas-Upegui CD, Noreña-Rengifo BD. Déficit de vitamina B12 en la práctica psiquiátrica. Iatreia [Internet]. 2 de octubre de 2017 [citado 8 de agosto de 2022];30(4):391-403. Disponible en: https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/iatreia/article/view/325228

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