Effect of Yoga on the Quality of Life of Nurses Working in Intensive Care Units. Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
Keywords:Yoga, exercise, meditation, nurses, quality of life, intensive care units, randomized controlled trial, surveys and questionnaires.
Objective. The work, herein, sought to determine the effect of yoga on the quality of life of nurses working in intensive care units (ICU).
Methods. This was a randomized controlled clinical trial of a preventive intervention of three weekly sessions of yoga exercises, which included aspects of meditation, breathing control, and slow body movements. The study selected 70 nurses working in ICU and assigned them to two groups: experimental (n = 35) and control (n = 35). The World Health Organization Quality of Life brief questionnaire (WHOQoL-Bref) was used to evaluate on four moments (baseline, one, two, six months after the start of the study); this scale has 26 items with Likert-type response options ranging from 1 to 5; higher total score indicates better quality of life.
Results. The baseline score of quality of life in the experimental group was 62.3, which increased to 70.7 on the first month and continued improving in the evaluations on the second month (72.8) and sixth month (74.1), with this change being statistically significant. Instead, the control group showed no differences in scores of the different moments of evaluation (baseline = 62, first month = 61.9, second month = 62.4, and sixth month = 60.4). In the four domains of the WHOQoL-Bref (physical, psychological, social relationships, and environment), it was also noted that the experimental group obtained better scores over time compared with the control group.
Conclusion. The intervention of yoga exercises was effective in improving the quality of life of nurses working in ICU.
How to cite this article: Rostami K, Ghodsbin F. Effect of Yoga on the Quality of Life of Nurses Working in Intensive Care Units. Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. Invest. Educ. Enferm. 2019; 37(3):e06.
(1) Chopra I, Kamal KM. A systematic review of quality of life instruments in long-term breast cancer survivors. Health Qual. Life Outcomes. 2012; 10:14.
(2) Wu S, Li H, Tian J, Zhu W, Li J, Wang X. Health-related quality of life and its main related factors among nurses in China. Ind. Health. 2011; 49(2):158-65.
(3) Marshall LL, Allison A, Nykamp D, Lanke S. Perceived stress and quality of life among doctor of pharmacy students. A. J. Pharm. Educ. 2008 ;72(6):137.
(4) Rizzolo D, Zipp GP, Stiskal D, Simpkins S. Stress management strategies for students: The immediate effects of yoga, humor, and reading on stress. J. Coll. Teach. Learn. 2009; 6(8):79-88.
(5) Huth C, Thorand B, Baumert J, Kruse J, Emeny RT, Schneider A, et al. Job strain as a risk factor for the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus: findings from the MONICA/KORA Augsburg cohort study. Psychosoma Med. 2014; 76(7):562-8.
(6) Harwood L, Ridley J, Wilson B, Laschinger HK. Occupational burnout, retention and health outcomes in nephrology nurses. CANNT J. 2010; 20(4):18-23.
(7) Guido LdA, Linch GFdC, Andolhe R, Conegatto CC, Tonini CC. Stressors in the nursing care delivered to potential organ donors. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem. 2009; 17(6):1023-9.
(8) Rabie SS, Avazeh A, Eskandari F, KHALEGH DMT, Mazloom S, Paryad E. A survey on psychological and environmental factors on family anxiety of the hospitalized patients in intensive care units. Iran. J. Crit. Care Nurs. 2011; 4(3) 175-80.
(9) Pahlavian AH, Gharakhani M, Mahjub H. A comparative study of stressful life events and stress coping strategies in coronary heart disease patients and non-patients. Sci. J. Hamadan Univ. Med. Sci. 2010;17(3):33-8.
(10) Moos R. Coping with physical illness: Springer Science & Business Media; 2012.
(11) Matsumoto Y, Sato T, Ohnishi M, Kishimoto Y, Terada S, Kuroda S. Stress‐coping strategies of patients with gender identity disorder. Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci. 2009; 63(6):715-20.
(12) Alaf JM, Parandeh A, Ebadi A, Haji AZ. Comparison of life quality between special care units and internal-surgical nurses. Iran. J. Crit. Care Nurs. 2010; 3(3):113-7.
(13) Chong CS, Tsunaka M, Chan EP. Effects of yoga on stress management in healthy adults: a systematic review. Altern. Ther. Health Med. 2011; 17(1):32.
(14) Froeliger BE, Garland EL, Modlin LA, McClernon FJ. Neurocognitive correlates of the effects of yoga meditation practice on emotion and cognition: a pilot study. Front. Integr. Neurosci. 2012; 6:48.
(15) Bernstein AM, Kobs A, Bar J, Fay S, Doyle J, Golubic M, et al. Yoga for stress management among intensive care unit staff: A pilot study. Altern. Complement. Ther. 2015; 21(3):111-5.
(16) Speroni KG, Williams DA, Seibert DJ, Gibbons MG, Earley C. Helping nurses care for self, family, and patients through the nurses living fit intervention. Nurs. Adm. Q. 2013; 37(4):286-94.
(17) Sharbaf HA, Karshki H. The role of type D personality and emotional intelligence with mediating of perceived stress and coping styles in the quality of life of coronary heart disease patients. J. Kermanshah Univ. Med. Sci. 2013; 17(7):449-59.
(18) Beheshtipoor N, Bagheri S, Hashemi F, Zare N, Karimi M. The effect of yoga on the quality of life in the children and adolescents with haemophilia. Int. J. Community Based Nurs. Midwifery. 2015;3(2):150-5.
(19) Lin SL, Huang CY, Shiu SP, Yeh SH. Effects of yoga on stress, stress adaption, and heart rate variability among mental health professionals—a randomized controlled trial. Worldviews Evid. Based Nurs. 2015; 12(4):236-45.
(20) Tekur P, Chametcha S, Hongasandra RN, Raghuram N. Effect of yoga on quality of life of CLBP patients: A randomized control study. Int. J. Yoga. 2010;3(1):10-7.
(21) McDermott KA, Rao MR, Nagarathna R, Murphy EJ, Burke A, Nagendra RH, et al. A yoga intervention for type 2 diabetes risk reduction: a pilot randomized controlled trial. BMC Complem. Altern. Med. 2014;14(1):212.
(22) Jyotsna VP, Joshi A, Ambekar S, Kumar N, Dhawan A, Sreenivas V. Comprehensive yogic breathing program improves quality of life in patients with diabetes. Indian J. Endocrinol. Metab. 2012; 16(3):423-8.
(23) Taspinar B, Aslan UB, Agbuga B, Taspinar F. A comparison of the effects of hatha yoga and resistance exercise on mental health and well-being in sedentary adults: A pilot study. Complem. Altern. Med. 2014 ;22(3):433-40.
(24) Vaishali K, Kumar KV, Adhikari P, UnniKrishnan B. Effects of yoga-based program on glycosylated hemoglobin level serum lipid profile in community dwelling elderly subjects with chronic type 2 diabetes mellitus–a randomized controlled trial. Phys. Occup. Ther. Geriatr. 2012; 30(1):22-30.
(25) Mazloum V, Sobhani V. The Effects of Resistance Exercises and Yoga on the Life Quality and the Muscle Strength of Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis; A Systemic Review of the Previous Literatures. J. Fasa Univ. Med. Sci. 2016;6(2):138-45.
(26) Shankarapillai R, Nair MA, George R. The effect of yoga in stress reduction for dental students performing their first periodontal surgery: A randomized controlled study. Int. J. Yoga. 2012;5(1):48.
(27) Jha V, Garcia-Garcia G, Iseki K, Li Z, Naicker S, Plattner B, et al. Chronic kidney disease: global dimension and perspectives. Lancet. 2013; 382(9888):260-72.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2019 Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Derechos de propiedad / Direitos de Propriedade
English: If the article is accepted for publication, all copyright will be of exclusive property of Investigación y Educación en Enfermería. The text and the graphics included in the publication are exclusive responsibility of the authors and not necessarily reflect the thought of the Editorial Committee.
Español: Si el artículo es aprobado para publicación, todos los derechos son de propiedad de Investigación y Educación en Enfermería. El texto y las gráficas incluidas en la publicación son de exclusiva responsabilidad de los autores y no necesariamente refleja el pensamiento del Comité Editorial.
Português: Se o artigo for aceito para publicação, todos os direitos autorais serão de propriedade exclusiva de Investigación y Educación en Enfermería. O texto e os gráficos incluídos na publicação são de responsabilidade exclusiva dos autores e não refletem necessariamente o pensamento do Comitê Editorial.