Decentralized power generation through biomass gasification: a technical – economic analysis and implications by reduction of CO2 emissions

Authors

  • Juan F. Pérez University of Antioquia
  • Yuhan Lenis University of Antioquia
  • Sandra Rojas Technological research and development center for the electricity sector
  • Carlos León Colombian Investment Company S.A. E.S.P.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.12476

Keywords:

biomass, gasification, biopower, generation cost, clean development mechanism (CDM)

Abstract

This article presents the feasibility analysis of two electricity generation projects with wood biomass. The first one considers a wood harvested for energy from a forest with pine plantation (case 1), and the second one, biomass residues from a teak plantation (case 2). Electric power that can be produced is 2.0 MWe for pine’s case, and 1.0 MWe for teak. Considering the power to generate and after a strict literature search and analysis, the most suitable electricity generation technology is thermo-chemical process of gasification coupled with combustion engines. Generation cost (USD/kWe-h) is calculated for each technological alternative with a technical-economic analysis, as result the lowest costs are approx. 0.061 USD/kWe-h for 1.0 MWe, and 0.058 USD/kWe-h for 2.2 MWe, assuming that biomass’ cost is zero (0 USD/ton). This is considered the baseline for electricity generation projects with biomass in Colombia. The research is complemented with a CDM projects applicability analysis, finding that the sale of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) would reduce kWe-h cost between from 0.003 to 0.01 USD/kWe-h, in the studied power plants. However, neither the price neither the sale of CERs can be guarantee because there is not a tool to extend the Kyoto protocol, which comprises a first period between 2008 and 2012.

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Author Biographies

Juan F. Pérez, University of Antioquia

Efficient energy management group (Gimel).

Yuhan Lenis, University of Antioquia

Efficient energy management group (Gimel).

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Published

2012-07-31

How to Cite

Pérez, J. F., Lenis, Y., Rojas, S., & León, C. (2012). Decentralized power generation through biomass gasification: a technical – economic analysis and implications by reduction of CO2 emissions. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (62), 157–169. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.12476

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