Approximation to the measurement of Backorder impact on flexible manufacturing systems
Keywords:Production planning and control, flexible manufacturing, group technology, backorders
This document studies the implications of considering or not pending orders (hereinafter called "backorders") in production planning, control and configuration models in flexible manufacturing systems (SMF). In many of the models that attempt to study SMF, the backorder is not considered, and in those in which it is considered, it is included as a passive variable where the impact it may have on said systems and especially its relationship has not been explicitly noted. with the demand pattern. In the present investigation, direct benefits of the inclusion of backorders were identified in capacity utilization, in workload balancing between groups of Machines (cells) and in inventory levels. Finally, it is proposed to use the economic concept of elasticity to measure the real impacts between the backorder and other production factors, a novel strategy in this type of application and which may be the subject of future research.
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