Producción de hidrógeno y nanotubos de carbono por descomposición de metano sobre Ni°/La2O3 obtenido a partir de la perovskita LaNiO3-δ

Autores/as

  • Germán Sierra Gallego Universidad de Antioquia
  • Catherine Batiot-Dupeyrat Université de Poitiers
  • Joël Barrault Université de Poitiers
  • Fanor Mondragón Universidad de Antioquia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.18464

Palabras clave:

Descomposición de metano, CNTs, producción de hidrógeno, perovskitas

Resumen

La perovskita LaNiO3, tanto reducida como no reducida, se evaluó en la reacción de descomposición del metano a 600°C y 700°C. El Ni°/La2O3 obtenido por este procedimiento mostró la más alta actividad en la descomposición de metano, además la mayor producción de hidrógeno y CNTs: 18 LH2 /(gcat h) y 2,2 g CNT/(g cat h) respectivamente. Este catalizador presenta la mayor conversión reportada en la literatura (82%) bajo condiciones similares de operación. Cuando se utiliza la perovskita, la conversión de CH4 y la producción de CNTs fue 4 veces menor que la obtenida con el catalizador reducido. Los nanotubos de carbono de pared múltiple (MWCNTs) fueron caracterizados por difracción de rayos X (XRD), área superficial (BET), microscopía electrónica de transmisión (TEM) y de barrido (SEM), análisis termogravimétrico (TGA) y espectroscopia Raman. Las micrografías TEM mostraron que los CNTs poseían diámetros internos entre los 5 a 16 nm, externos hasta los 40 nm, y varias micras de longitud.

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Biografía del autor/a

Germán Sierra Gallego, Universidad de Antioquia

Instituto de Química

Catherine Batiot-Dupeyrat, Université de Poitiers

Laboratoire de Catalyse en Chimie Organique, Ecole Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de Poitiers

Joël Barrault, Université de Poitiers

Laboratoire de Catalyse en Chimie Organique, Ecole Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de Poitiers

Fanor Mondragón, Universidad de Antioquia

Instituto de Química

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Publicado

2014-02-12

Cómo citar

Sierra Gallego, G. ., Batiot-Dupeyrat, C., Barrault, J., & Mondragón, F. (2014). Producción de hidrógeno y nanotubos de carbono por descomposición de metano sobre Ni°/La2O3 obtenido a partir de la perovskita LaNiO3-δ. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (44), 7–19. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.18464