The delay of consequences and perceived risk: an analysis from the workers’ view point


  • Ignacio Rodríguez-Garzón Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas
  • Antonio Delgado-Padial Universidad de Granada
  • Myriam Martinez-Fiestas Universidad ESAN
  • Valeriano Lucas-Ruiz Universidad de Sevilla


perceived risk, occupational hygiene, ergonomics, prevention.


This  paper  addresses  the  question  of  how  construction  workers  perceive   occupational risks. It is a question that has not been addressed in scientific  research.  Specifically,  we  answer  the  following  research  questions:  what  is  the  perception  of  risk  of  construction  workers?;  what  aspects  of  risk   significantly influence the formation of the overall perception of risk?; are  there  sociodemographic  variables  that  help  to  understand  the  perception  of   risk of construction workers? and if this were the case, then what are these  variables and how do they influence them?. Ultimately, it examines the profile  of perceived risk, its relation to the delay of consequences and the influence  of socio-demographic variables.  Respondents filled out a questionnaire in the presence of the survey-taker. The  questionnaire was based on the psychometric paradigm, and was comprised  of: (a) nine questions, each exploring a perceived risk attribute or dimension  rated on a Likert 7-point scale, (b) a question on global risk perception, and (c)  categorical  questions  about  socio-demographic  issues.  The  survey  was   conducted in the city of Granada (Spain). A profile of the construction workers’ perceived risk was obtained. Answers  to each attribute were above the neutral line (scores above four). The profile  shows the risk dimension with the highest score was the delayed consequences  of exposure to risk conditions, a dimension that can be related to ergonomics  and  occupational  hygiene.  This  is  a  new  outcome  since  traditionally  this   dimension was given a 

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Author Biographies

Ignacio Rodríguez-Garzón, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas

Departamento de Ingeniería Civil

Antonio Delgado-Padial, Universidad de Granada

Departamento de Psicología Social y Metodología de las Ciencias del Comportamiento, Facultad de Ciencias del Trabajo

Profesor Titular de Escuela Universitaria.

Myriam Martinez-Fiestas, Universidad ESAN

profesora investigadora a tiempo completo, Departamento de Marketing

Valeriano Lucas-Ruiz, Universidad de Sevilla

Departamento de Construcciones Arquitectónicas, Profesor titular


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How to Cite

Rodríguez-Garzón, I., Delgado-Padial, A., Martinez-Fiestas, M., & Lucas-Ruiz, V. (2015). The delay of consequences and perceived risk: an analysis from the workers’ view point. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (74), 165–176. Retrieved from