Drought and genetic programming to approach annual agriculture production normalized curves

  • Maritza Liliana Arganis-Juaréz Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1429-1243
  • Ariadne Sofía Drust-Nacarino Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • Rodolfo Silva Casarín Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • Edgar Gerardo Mendoza Baldwin Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • Óscar Arturo Fuentes Mariles Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Keywords: Drought, genetic programming, agricultural production, regionalization, economic loss


Drought is a severe, recurrent disaster for Mexican agriculture, causing huge economic losses which could be reduced if appropriate planning and policies were carried out and the production lost could be predicted. This paper presents the application of genetic programming to obtain normalized curves of annual agricultural production for each state in Mexico as a function of the return period of drought events and, from them, an estimation of the normalized value of the yearly production. This value, multiplied by the historic mean production of the state, gives the production expressed in thousand millions of Mexican pesos for a specified return period.  Two techniques were used for this data analysis, the first one is general and includes each state separately; for the second technique the country was divided into 6 groups, depending on the value of the agricultural production’s variation coefficient. The results showed that for the first case large dispersion was found between the reported and computed data, while a better fit was found for the groups; specifically for groups 2, 3 and 6. The resulting functions can be used by decision makers at both federal and state levels, to better deal with drought events.

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Author Biographies

Maritza Liliana Arganis-Juaréz, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Facultad de Ingeniería

Ariadne Sofía Drust-Nacarino, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Instituto de Ingeniería

Rodolfo Silva Casarín, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Instituto de Ingeniería

Edgar Gerardo Mendoza Baldwin, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Instituto de Ingeniería

Óscar Arturo Fuentes Mariles, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Facultad de Ingeniería

Investigador Definitivo Titular A, Coordinación: Hidráulica


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How to Cite
Arganis-Juaréz M. L., Drust-Nacarino A. S., Silva Casarín R., Mendoza Baldwin E. G., & Fuentes Mariles Óscar A. (2015). Drought and genetic programming to approach annual agriculture production normalized curves. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (77), 63-74. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.n77a09